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Source-to-Sink Analysis of the Plio-Pleistocene Deposits in the Suez Rift (Egypt)

  • Sébastien RohaisEmail author
  • Delphine Rouby
Chapter
Part of the Regional Geology Reviews book series (RGR)

Abstract

We present a source-to-sink (S2S) study of the Plio-Pleistocene deposits in the Suez rift (Egypt). We used stratigraphic record and quantitative geomorphology to constrain relief evolution in a rift setting from a high-resolution database at basin-scale (~300 km × 100 km) including, digital elevation model, outcrop and subsurface data. The stratigraphic architecture shows five main stages ranging from rift initiation to tectonic quiescence (Oligo-Miocene) plus a post-rift stage (Plio-Pleistocene). We quantified sediment accumulation history and analysed the relationship between catchment and sediment supply for the Plio-Pleistocene (post-rift stage). The results of the source-to-sink study for the post-rift stage were then compared to previous estimations for the main rifting stages. We show that the sediment supply dynamics of the Plio-Pleistocene deposits of the Suez rift records a renewed uplift ca. 5 Myr ago. However, we also show that a major climate shift related to the Pliocene revolution was most probably coeval to reach the magnitude of accumulation observed.

Keywords

Suez rift Syn-rift Post-rift Catchment Sediment supply Source-to-sink Pliocene Pleistocene 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IFPEN, Direction GéosciencesRueil-Malmaison CedexFrance
  2. 2.Géosciences Environnement ToulouseUMR CNRS 5563ToulouseFrance

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