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Manifestation and Possible Reasons of ~60-Year Climatic Cycle in Correlation Links Between Solar Activity and Lower Atmosphere Circulation

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Abstract

Temporal variability of correlation links observed between characteristics of the lower atmosphere and solar activity phenomena at the multidecadal time scale remains one of unresolved problems of solar-terrestrial physics. In this work we continue studying possible reasons for this variability. Temporal behavior of correlation coefficients between troposphere pressure at extratropical latitudes and sunspot numbers was compared with long-term changes in the evolution of large-scale circulation, the intensity of the stratospheric polar vortex and global temperature anomalies. It was shown that a roughly 60-year periodicity revealed in solar activity influences on troposphere pressure (development of extratropical baric systems) is closely related to changes in the large-scale circulation regime which accompany transitions between strong and weak states of the stratospheric polar vortex. It was suggested that the detected correlation reversals are caused by changes of the troposphere-stratosphere coupling associated with changes of the vortex intensity. It was shown that the changes of the polar vortex state and the corresponding changes in the regime of large-scale circulation may be related to global temperature variations, with a possible reason for these variations being long-term changes of total solar irradiance.

Keywords

  • Solar activity
  • Solar-atmospheric links
  • 60-year cycle

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Correspondence to Svetlana Veretenenko .

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Veretenenko, S., Ogurtsov, M. (2020). Manifestation and Possible Reasons of ~60-Year Climatic Cycle in Correlation Links Between Solar Activity and Lower Atmosphere Circulation. In: Yanovskaya, T., Kosterov, A., Bobrov, N., Divin, A., Saraev, A., Zolotova, N. (eds) Problems of Geocosmos–2018. Springer Proceedings in Earth and Environmental Sciences. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-21788-4_30

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