This paper considers the role of armed conflict, and attitudes to the study of armed conflict, in an evaluation of international conflict resolution. Its primary method is an investigation of the literature and consideration of analytical approaches adopted by International Conflict Resolution Research. We demonstrate that armed conflict is a major tool used by countries, with a high degree of effectiveness. We adopt a primarily theoretical, realist approach to analysis of the field.
Our findings and conclusions are that the exclusion of armed conflict from the analysis of international conflict resolution methods is not justified conceptually and leads to a warped analysis of party behaviours in conflict situations. We consider this as a substantial finding, which questions long-standing assumptions in the field. Our conclusions could have dramatic practical implications, in the form of changed approaches to analysis of conflict resolution, with better guidance to researchers and conflict resolution practitioners alike.
- International Conflict Resolution
- Data mining
- War and Peace
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout
Purchases are for personal use onlyLearn about institutional subscriptions
See https://www.itlos.org/fileadmin/itlos/documents/cases/case_no.21/verbatims/ITLOS_PV14_C21_2_Rev.1_E.pdf last accessed 12/07/2018.
Permanent Court of Arbitration, Past Cases, https://pca-cpa.org/en/cases/ last accessed 10/01/2018.
Understanding on Rules and Procedures Governing the Settlement of Disputes, World Trade Organisation, see https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/dispu_e/disp_settlement_cbt_e/c1s2p1_e.htm last accessed 10/03/2018.
International Court of Justice Decision, Whaling in the Antarctic (Australia V. Japan: New Zealand Intervening), Judgement 31 March 2014, viewed 1 April 2015 via http://www.icj-cij.org/docket/files/148/18136.pdf last accessed 12/07/2018.
Amley, E.: Peace by other means: using rewards in UN efforts to end conflicts. Denver J. Int. Law Policy 26, 235 (1998)
Babbit, E., Hampson, F.: Conflict resolution as a field of inquiry: practice informing theory. Int. Stud. Rev. 13, 46–57 (2011)
Bercovitch, J.: International Mediation and Intractable Conflict (2004)
Bercovitch, J., Jackson, R.D.W.: Conflict Resolution in the Twenty-First Century: Principles, Methods, and Approaches. University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor (2009)
Burton, J.: Conflict resolution as a political philosophy. Glob. Change Peace Secur. 3(1), 62–72 (1991)
Cheldelin, S., Druckman, D., Fast, L., Clements, K.P.: Theory research and practice. In: Cheldelin, S., Druckman, D., Fast, L. (eds.) Conflict: from Analysis to Intervention, 2nd edn, pp. 9–35. Continuum, New York (2008)
Dixon, W.J.: Democracy and the peaceful settlement of international conflict. Am. Polit. Sci. Rev. 88(01), 14–32 (1994)
Doran, C.F.: Power cycle theory of systems structure and stability: commonalities and complementarities. In: Handbook of War Studies, pp. 83–110 (1989)
Druckman, D.: Doing Research: Methods of Inquiry for Conflict Analysis. Sage, Thousand Oaks (2005)
Ghosn, F., Palmer, G., Bremer, S.A.: The MID3 data set, 1993–2001: procedures, coding rules, and description. Conflict Manage. Peace Sci. 21(2), 133–154 (2004)
Hadzi-Vidanovic, V.: Conflict settlement by the international court of justice (2010). https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1988922. Accessed 7 Dec 2018
Hannah, H.: Some dimensions of international conflict settlement procedures and outcomes (No. RR-11). International Court of Justice, The History of the Court, Department Of Political Science, Hawaii University Honolulu (1968). http://www.dtic.mil/docs/citations/AD0727152. Accessed 3 Oct 2018
Lieberfeld, D.: Small is credible: Norway’s niche in international dispute settlement. Negot. J. 11(3), 201–207 (1995)
Lodder, A., Zeleznikow, J.: Enhanced Dispute Resolution Through the Use of Information Technology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2010)
Midlarsky, M. (ed.): Handbook of War Studies. Unwin Hyman, Boston (1989)
Merrills, J.G.: International Dispute Settlement. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2011)
O’Connell, M. (ed.): International Dispute Settlement. Dartmouth Publishing Company, Aldershot (2003)
Samāddāra, R.: Peace Studies: An Introduction to the Concept, Scope, and Themes [e-book]. Sage Publications, New Delhi (2004)
Singer, J.D.: System structure, decision processes, and the incidence of international war. In: Midlarsky, M.I. (ed.) Handbook of War Studies, pp. 1–21 (1989)
Sohn, L.: The future of dispute resolution. In: Macdonald, R.S.J., Johnston, D.M. (eds.) The Structure and Process of International Law: Essays in Legal Philosophy, Doctrine and Theory, vol. 6, pp. 1121–1146. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Leiden (1983)
Stern, P.C., Druckman, D.: Evaluating interventions in history: the case of international conflict resolution. Int. Stud. Rev. 2(1), 33–63 (2000)
Tir, J., Schafer, P., Diehl, P.F., Goertz, G.: Territorial changes, 1816–1996: procedures and data. Conflict Manage Peace Sci. 16(1), 89–97 (1998)
Withana, R.: Power, Politics, Law: International Law and State Behaviour During International Crises. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Boston (2008)
Editors and Affiliations
© 2019 Springer Nature Switzerland AG
About this paper
Cite this paper
Prawer, N., Zeleznikow, J. (2019). War as a Technique of International Conflict Resolution – An Analytical Approach. In: Morais, D., Carreras, A., de Almeida, A., Vetschera, R. (eds) Group Decision and Negotiation: Behavior, Models, and Support. GDN 2019. Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing, vol 351. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-21711-2_10
Publisher Name: Springer, Cham
Print ISBN: 978-3-030-21710-5
Online ISBN: 978-3-030-21711-2