Localism and Protectionism
This chapter focuses on the problematic relationship between (new) localism and old-fashioned protectionism. First, it stresses the need to take context into account. It then examines three forms of industrial and cultural production in which issues of globalisation vis-à-vis localisation have been to the fore in recent years: steel production, food and drink, and music. In each case, the dynamics are different in terms of where the local input and imperative lies, including whether it principally relates to production or consumption. Examples of potential good practice are cited, and suggestions are offered. The issues are then revisited in the light of four broader concerns: those of security of supply, community cohesion, environmental health and welfare, and cultural diversity. All of these can be seen as driving forces of policies that deserve to be considered examples of new localism.
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