Skip to main content

Hair Straightening and Hair Dyes: Facts and Controversies

  • Chapter
  • First Online:
Hair and Scalp Treatments

Abstract

Hair dyes and hair relaxers are hair care products commonly used to change hair color and shape, respectively. Very popular among patients, these products may be self-applied as a home care treatment or by a professional hair stylist at the hair salon. These products can cause adverse reactions, particularly after improper use. In this chapter, we discuss hair straightening products and hair dyes, their mode of action, recommendations, and possible side effects.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

eBook
USD 16.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 99.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  1. Robbins CR. Chemical and physical behavior of human hair. 4th ed. New York: Springer; 2013.

    Google Scholar 

  2. de Sá Dias TC, Baby AR, Kaneko TM, Robles Velasco MV. Relaxing/straightening of Afro-ethnic hair: historical overview. J Cosmet Dermatol. 2007;6:2–5.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Syed AN, Naqvi AR. Comparing the irritation potential of lye and no-lye relaxers. Cosmet Toiletries. 2000;115:47–52.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Harris RT. Hair relaxing. Cosmet Toiletries. 1979;94:51–6.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Wong M, Wis-Surel G, Epps J. Mechanism of hair straightening. J Soc Cosmet Chem. 1994;45:347–52.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Kolar G, Miller A. Hair straighteners. In: Balsam MS, Sagarin E, editors. Cosmetics science and technology. 2nd ed. New York: Interscience; 1972. p. 150–277.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Shetty VH, Shetty NJ, Nair DG. Chemical hair relaxers have adverse effects a myth or reality. Int J Trichology. 2013;5:26–8.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Cannell DW. Permanent waving and hair straightening. Clin Dermatol. 1988;6:71–82.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Lee AE, Bozza JB, Huff S, de la Mettrie R. Permanent waves: an overview. Cosmet Toiletries. 1988;103:37–56.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. Draelos ZK. Hair cosmetics. Dermatol Clin. 1991;9(1):19–27.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. Alessandrini A, Piraccini BM. Essential of hair care cosmetics. Cosmetics. 2016;3:1–10.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Weathersby C, McMichael A. Brazilian keratin hair treatment: a review. J Cosmet Dermatol. 2013;12:144–8.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Anderson SE, Ham JE, Munson AE. Irritancy and sensitization potential of glyoxylic acid. J Immunotoxicol. 2008;5:93–8.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  14. Gavazzoni-Dias MF, Rochael M, Vilar E, Tanus A, Tosti A. Eczema-like psoriasiform skin reaction due to Brazilian keratin treatment. Skin Appendage Disord. 2016;1(3):156–62.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Pierce JS, Abelmann A, Spicer LJ, Adams RE, Glynn ME, Neier K, et al. Characterization of formaldehyde exposure resulting from the use of four professional hair straightening products. J Occup Environ Hyg. 2011;8:686–99.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  16. Draelos DZ. Hair care and dyeing in Ioannides D, Tosti A (eds). Alopecia – practical evaluation and management. Curr Probl Dermatol. 2015;47:121–7.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Scheman A, Cha C, Bhinder M. Alternative hair-dye products for persons allergic to para-phenylenediamine. Dermatitis. 2011;22(4):189–92.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  18. Patel D, Narayana S, Krishnaswamy B. Trends in use of hair dye: a cross-sectional study. Int J Trichology. 2013;5(3):140–3.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Dias MFRG. Hair cosmetics: an overview. Int J Trichology. 2015;7(1):2–15.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. International Agency for Research on Cancer. Some aromatic amines, organic dyes, and related exposures, IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans, Vol. 99. Lyon: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 2010. Accessed at http://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Monographs/vol99/index.php.

    Google Scholar 

  21. Guerra-Tapia A, Gonzalez-Guerra E. Hair cosmetics: dyes. Actas Dermosifiliogr. 2014;105:833–9.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  22. Grey J. The world of hair colour: a scientific companion. 1st ed. Boston: Thompson Learning; 2005.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this chapter

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Dias, M.F.R.G., Pirmez, R., Dutra, H., Tosti, A. (2020). Hair Straightening and Hair Dyes: Facts and Controversies. In: Tosti, A., Asz-Sigall, D., Pirmez, R. (eds) Hair and Scalp Treatments. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-21555-2_19

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-21555-2_19

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-21554-5

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-21555-2

  • eBook Packages: MedicineMedicine (R0)

Publish with us

Policies and ethics