Advertisement

Teaching and Learning Quality of Life in Urban Studies: A Mixed-Methods Approach with Walking Interviews

  • Javier MartinezEmail author
Chapter
  • 192 Downloads
Part of the Social Indicators Research Series book series (SINS, volume 79)

Abstract

This chapter presents an approach for teaching and learning quality of life (QoL) in urban studies. It starts with a theoretical discussion on how the field of urban studies relates to the concepts of QoL. It is contextualized within two higher education courses in an MSc specialization on Urban Planning and Management (UPM). This UPM specialization emphasizes the relevance that QoL studies have to practice and policy by linking the need for a better understanding of QoL conditions with equity and social justice. This chapter relies on the critical documentation of these two courses carried out with a group of international students in the last 10 years. The chapter discusses the teaching of social indicators in order to assess conditions and differential access to resources and opportunities in urban areas as well as qualitative methods. It proposes a reflective an open spiral learning process where students are encouraged to define and operationalise spatial indicators to measure intra-urban quality of life variations and to critically use context sensitive methods such as walking interviews. The teaching described is grounded in the fields of planning, geography, critical cartography and mixed-methods. The chapter concludes with a discussion on the main challenges of this approach.

Keywords

Quality of life Urban studies Planning Geography Teaching and learning Higher education Mixed-methods GIS Walking interviews 

References

  1. Al Arasi, H. A. (2013). Study on children’s perception of their local living environment. Enschede: University of Twente Faculty of Geo-Information and Earth Observation (ITC). Retrieved from http://www.itc.nl/library/papers_2013/msc/upm/alarasi.pdf.Google Scholar
  2. Alarasi, H., Martinez, J., & Amer, S. (2016). Children’s perception of their city centre. A qualitative GIS methodological investigation in a Dutch city. Children’s Geographies, 14(4), 437–452.  https://doi.org/10.1080/14733285.2015.1103836.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Anderson, L. W., Krathwohl, D. R., & Bloom, B. S. (2001). A taxonomy for learning, teaching, and assessing: A revision of Bloom’s taxonomy of educational objectives (Complete ed.). New York: Longman.Google Scholar
  4. Baud, I., Sridharan, N., & Pfeffer, K. (2008). Mapping urban poverty for local governance in an Indian mega-city: The case of Delhi. Urban Studies, 45(7), 1385–1412.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0042098008090679.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Berhe, R., Martínez, J. A., & Verplanke, J. (2014). Adaptation and dissonance in quality of life: A case study in Mekelle, Ethiopia. Social Indicators Research, 118(2), 535–554.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-013-0448-y.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brewer, S., & Klein, J. D. (2006). Type of positive interdependence and affiliation motive in an asynchronous, collaborative learning environment. Etr&D-Educational Technology Research and Development, 54(4), 331–354.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11423-006-9603-3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chawla, L. (Ed.). (2002). Growing up in an urbanising world. London: UNESCO/Earthscan Publications Ltd.Google Scholar
  8. Clark, A., & Emmel, N. (2010). Using walking interviews. Realities Toolkit #13. Manchester: ESRC.Google Scholar
  9. Cooper, J. L. (1995). Cooperative learning and critical thinking. Teaching of Psychology, 22(1), 7–9.  https://doi.org/10.1207/s15328023top2201_2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cope, M., & Elwood, S. (2009). Qualitative GIS: A mixed methods approach (1st ed.). Thousand Oaks: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Desriani, R. W. (2011). Assessing residential segregation profiles for ethnic groups in Enschede, the Netherlands (Master of science in geo-information science and earth observation). Enschede: University of Twente.Google Scholar
  12. Dopheide, E. J. M., & Martinez, J. (2007). Hoe scoort mijn wijk? Rooilijn, 40.(2007(5), 338–343.Google Scholar
  13. Eizenberg, E., & Shilon, M. (2015). Pedagogy for the new planner: Refining the qualitative toolbox. Environment and Planning. B, Planning & Design, 43(6), 1118–1135.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0265813515604477.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Evans, J., & Jones, P. (2011). The walking interview: Methodology, mobility and place. Applied Geography, 31(2), 849–858.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Fainstein, S. S. (2010). The just city. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Fainstein, S. S. (2014). The just city. International Journal of Urban Sciences, 18(1), 1–18.  https://doi.org/10.1080/12265934.2013.834643.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Feldman, M. S., & Khademian, A. M. (2007). The role of the public manager in inclusion: Creating communities of participation. Governance-an International Journal of Policy and Administration, 20(2), 305–324.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0491.2007.00358.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Haigh, M., & Gold, J. R. (1993). The problems with fieldwork – A group-based approach towards integrating fieldwork into the undergraduate geography curriculum. Journal of Geography in Higher Education, 17(1), 21–32.  https://doi.org/10.1080/03098269308709203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Harley, J. B. (1989). Deconstructing the map. Cartographica: The International Journal for Geographic Information and Geovisualization, 26(2), 1–20.  https://doi.org/10.3138/E635-7827-1757-9T53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hennebry, M. L., & Fordyce, K. (2018). Cooperative learning on an international masters. Higher Education Research and Development, 37(2), 270–284.  https://doi.org/10.1080/07294360.2017.1359150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Khaef, S. (2013). Perception of quality of life through a gendered lens: A case from the city of Brimingham. Enschede: University of Twente Faculty of Geo-Information and Earth Observation (ITC).Google Scholar
  22. Kwan, M. P., & Ding, G. X. (2008). Geo-narrative: Extending geographic information systems for narrative analysis in qualitative and mixed-method research. The Professional Geographer, 60(4), 443–465.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Marans, R. W., & Stimson, R. (2011). An overview of quality of urban life. In R. W. Marans & R. J. Stimson (Eds.), Investigating quality of urban life: Theory, methods, and empirical research (pp. 1–29). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Martínez, J. (2009). The use of GIS and indicators to monitor intra-urban inequalities. A case study in Rosario, Argentina. Habitat International, 33(4), 387–396.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.habitatint.2008.12.003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Martínez, J. (2016). Mind the gap: Monitoring spatial inequalities in quality of life conditions (Case study of Rosario). In G. Tonon (Ed.), Indicators of quality of life in Latin America (pp. 151–172). Cham: Springer International Publishing.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Martínez, J. (2018). Mapping dynamic indicators of quality of life: A case in Rosario, Argentina. Applied Research in Quality of Life.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11482-018-9617-0.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Martínez, J., & Dopheide, E. (2014). Indicators: From counting to communicating. Journal for Education in the Built Environment, 9, 1–19.  https://doi.org/10.11120/jebe.2014.00009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Martínez, J., Pfeffer, K., & Baud, I. (2016). Factors shaping cartographic representations of inequalities. Maps as products and processes. Habitat International, 51, 90–102.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.habitatint.2015.10.010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Martinez, J., Verplanke, J., & Miscione, G. (2017). A geographic and mixed methods approach to capture unequal quality-of-life conditions. In: Phillips R., Wong C. (Eds.), Handbook of Community Well-Being Research. International Handbooks of Quality of-Life. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  30. McCrea, R., Shyy, T.-K., & Stimson, R. (2006). What is the strength of the link between objective and subjective indicators of urban quality of life? Applied Research in Quality of Life, 1(1), 79–96.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11482-006-9002-2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Monmonier, M. S. (1996). How to lie with maps (2nd ed.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Pacione, M. (1982). The use of objective and subjective measures of life quality in human-geography. Progress in Human Geography, 6(4), 495–514.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Pacione, M. (2003a). Urban environmental quality and human wellbeing – A social geographical perspective. Landscape and Urban Planning, 65(1–2), 19–30.  https://doi.org/10.1016/s0169-2046(02)00234-7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Pacione, M. (2003b). Urban environmental quality and human wellbeing – A social geographical perspective. Landscape and Urban Planning, 65(1–2), 21–32.Google Scholar
  35. Pfeffer, K., Martinez, J., O’Sullivan, D., & Scott, D. (2015). Geo-technologies for spatial knowledge: Challenges for inclusive and sustainable urban development. In J. Gupta, K. Pfeffer, H. Verrest, & M. Ros-Tonen (Eds.), Geographies of urban governance: Advanced theories, methods and practices (pp. 147–173). Cham: Springer International Publishing.Google Scholar
  36. Ramadier, T. (2004). Transdisciplinarity and its challenges: The case of urban studies. Futures, 36(4), 423–439.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.futures.2003.10.009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Rojas, M. (2015). Poverty and people’s wellbeing. In W. Glatzer, L. Camfield, V. Møller, & M. Rojas (Eds.), Global handbook of quality of life (pp. 317–350). Dordrecht: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Seik, F. T. (2000). Subjective assessment of urban quality of life in Singapore (1997–1998). Habitat International, 24(1), 31–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Shumi, S., Zuidgeest, M. H. P., Martínez, J. A., Efroymson, D., & van Maarseveen, M. F. A. M. (2014). Understanding the relationship between walkability and quality-of-life of women garment workers in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Applied Research in Quality of Life, 1–25.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11482-014-9312-8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Sirgy, M. J., Michalos, A. C., Ferriss, A. L., Easterlin, R. A., Patrick, D., & Pavot, W. (2006). The quality-of-life (QOL) research movement: Past, present, and future. Social Indicators Research, 76(3), 343–466.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-005-2877-8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Smith, D. M. (1973). The geography of social well-being in the United States: An introduction to territorial social indicators. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  42. So, H. J., & Brush, T. A. (2008). Student perceptions of collaborative learning, social presence and satisfaction in a blended learning environment: Relationships and critical factors. Computers & Education, 51(1), 318–336.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2007.05.009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Tesfazghi, E., Martínez, J., & Verplanke, J. (2010). Variability of quality of life at small scales: Addis Ababa, Kirkos Sub-City. Social Indicators Research, 98(1), 73–88.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-009-9518-6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Tonon, G. (2015). Integration of qualitative and quantitative methods in quality of life studies. In G. Tonon (Ed.), Qualitative studies in quality of life (Vol. 55, pp. 53–60). Cham: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Trisusanti, E. (2008). Constructing indices of multiple deprivation for neighborhood ranking: A case study on five municipalicties in province of Overijssel. Enschede: ITC.Google Scholar
  46. Watson, V. (2014). Co-production and collaboration in planning – The difference. Planning Theory and Practice, 15(1), 62–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Wong, C. (2006). Indicators for urban and regional planning: The interplay of policy and methods (Vol. 11). London: Routledge:Taylor and Francis group.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Zandieh, R., Martinez, J., Flacke, J., Jones, P., & van Maarseveen, M. (2016). Older adults’ outdoor walking: Inequalities in neighbourhood safety, pedestrian infrastructure and aesthetics. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 13(12), 1179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation, Department of Urban and Regional Planning and Geo-Information ManagementUniversity of TwenteEnschedeThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations