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The Challenges of State Creation and Democratization in Colombia and Venezuela

  • Alex Roberto HybelEmail author
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Abstract

Venezuela and Colombia were colonized at approximately the same time, gained their independence from Spain simultaneously, and remained members of the same federal system for the first decade. Thereafter, their state-creation and political-regime experiences differed measurably. Their distinct histories are reflected in the nature of the political, economic, and social systems they have today. Though neither country has a solid democracy, Colombia’s standing in the Democracy Index is 51st, while Venezuela’s is far behind at 134th. This chapter identifies the challenges both states encountered as they sought to consolidate the power of their respective states and explains why Colombia has been demonstrably more successful than Venezuela at creating a more open and more competitive political system.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Marina del ReyUSA

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