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Spruce Phenolics: Biosynthesis and Ecological Functions

  • Almuth HammerbacherEmail author
  • Louwrance P. Wright
  • Jonathan Gershenzon
Chapter
  • 130 Downloads
Part of the Compendium of Plant Genomes book series (CPG)

Abstract

Phenolics are organic compounds that play an important role in the physiology of plants and their ecological interactions with biotic as well as abiotic factors. The genus Picea (spruce) produces a large array of structurally and functionally diverse phenolic compounds, including stilbenes, flavonoids, lignin, and phenylpropanoids. In this chapter, we review the current knowledge on the biosynthesis and ecological roles of the major classes of phenolic compounds in spruce. We also elaborate on the methods used to study the biosynthesis and functions of these compounds in this genus. Finally, we touch on how climate change is expected to affect the biosynthesis of phenolics in spruce and identify the most important directions for future research.

Keywords

Flavonoids Lignin Lignans Stilbenes Phenylpropanoids Biotic stress Abiotic stress Global climate change 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Almuth Hammerbacher
    • 1
    Email author
  • Louwrance P. Wright
    • 2
  • Jonathan Gershenzon
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Zoology and EntomologyForestry and Agricultural Biotechnollogy Institute, University of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa
  2. 2.Max Planck Institute for Chemical EcologyJenaGermany

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