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Seaweed Biotechnology

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Abstract

Marine environment becoming the most explored habitat because of its chemical and biological diversity. Recently, marine floral and faunal exploration and exploitation becoming a great deal of interest which is the key to combat various diseases. Among the marine sources, algae and seaweeds are the more valuable sources of structurally diverse bioactive compounds. Even though, seaweed salads have been supplied as a regular diet, much information is not available whether the algal food has any significance on human health. For example, the beneficial effects of seaweeds and their bioactive substances like phlorotannins, sulphated polysaccharides, peptides, and carotenoid pigments extend their applications from eco-biotechnological to the industrial standpoint. Hence, the utilization of marine macroalgal substances a potential biological and industrial product should be well established worldwide to gain various health and medical benefits. Although Asians consume seaweeds because of the known importance in their daily lives, many of the westerns might not think of the ‘seaweed’ as nutritional or a daily supplement in their food. It is because of the term ‘weed’, which generally represents the unwanted plants in any ecosystem. Hence. I would like to introduce a more appropriate term “sea-vegetables” in this book, which could bring a positive notion in human beings to think ‘algae’ or ‘seaweed’ as consumable vegetables from sea. The term seaweed typically refers to cryptograms that grow in seawater and do not bloom. They include green, brown, and red algae, which are visible to the unaided eye and survive by attaching to other objects.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Marine Life Science, College of Ocean Science and TechnologyKorea Maritime and Ocean UniversityBusanSouth Korea

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