The International Investment Competence of the EU

  • Vivian Kube
Part of the Interdisciplinary Studies in Human Rights book series (CHREN, volume 4)


The first chapter explained how human rights next to other substantive and organizational principles and objectives should inform the making and implementation of EU foreign policies. This chapter is concerned with the role that the EU can actually play in shaping the international investment regime. It delineates the regulatory reach of the EU with regards to international investment relations in order to subsequently determine which areas should be governed by the EU human rights framework. This chapter first explains the importance of this thorough analysis, that is highlighting the flexibility of current definitions and making the argument that the human rights framework goes beyond the confines of EU exclusive competence (Sect. 3.1). In order to outline the newly gained and existing powers of the EU in view of the powers needed to cover the traditional practice of international investment relations, this chapter elucidates briefly the traditional scope of international investment regulation (Sect. 3.2). As a next step, it analyses to what extent these powers are covered by exclusive competence of CCP, implied external competences and other expressed Treaty competences or remain under the competence of the Member States (Sects. 3.3–3.8). Ever since the inclusion of foreign direct investment (FDI) into CCP, the scope of the EU competence over investment regulation has been highly debated amongst scholars and between the Commission, the EP and the Member States. Each section therefore outlines the answers given by the Court in the landmark decision Opinion 2/15 in comparison to the diverging opinions in the literature. In a last step, it is explored what different policy options remain if one aims for covering the state of the art investment regulation (Sect. 3.8), while discussing what the different policy options mean for the application of the human rights framework (Sect. 3.9).


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vivian Kube
    • 1
  1. 1.HamburgGermany

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