The concept of ecosystem services has become an important model for linking the functioning of ecosystems to societal benefits. Lot of works have been done on the valuation methods, data and classification systems for ecosystem services of terrestrial ecosystems compared to the mangrove ecosystems in the coastal and estuarine regions of the world. Peer review literature on global economic valuations of coastal forest like mangrove ecosystems, sea grass ecosystems is rather limited. The valuation method for mangrove ecosystem services has not been standardized fully. Economist generally divide the total economic value of mangrove into three major groups namely (i) Direct use value (ii) Indirect use value and (iii) Non-use value. Direct use values refer to consumptive and non-consumptive uses that encompass physical interaction with the mangroves and their services e.g., revenues generated from fishery, timber, fuel wood, fodder, honey, wax, and recreation. Indirect use values include regulatory ecological functions like flood control, storm protection, nutrient retention and erosion control. Non-use values include existence and bequest values of mangroves. This chapter has critically scanned the different types of ecosystem services offered by mangroves with special reference to Indian mangrove forests.
- Ecosystem services
- Direct use value
- Indirect use value
- Non-use value
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Annexure A: Questionnaires to Evaluate the Ecosystem Services of Mangroves
Annexure A: Questionnaires to Evaluate the Ecosystem Services of Mangroves
What is your name and profession?
What are the main threats on mangroves of Indian Sundarbans?
How mangroves are associated with your life? Rank the association with the score from 1 to 8, where 1 stands for very less association and 8 stands for association of highest degree.
What are major services offered by mangroves?
How efficient are mangroves to protect against storms and wave actions?
How mangroves are helpful in controlling erosion?
Do you have any idea on the bioremediation potential of mangroves?
What are the sources of pollutants in the estuaries of Indian Sundarbans?
How mangroves control nutrients and heavy metals in the estuaries of Indian Sundarbans?
Do you have any idea about climate change and Green House Gas (GHG) emission?
Which is the major GHG in your area and what are its sources?
How mangroves are useful in supporting the biodiversity?
What is your major source of income?
Do you have any idea about alternative livelihood and its relations with mangrove conservation?
Why do you worship Bonobibi? What are the other principal local folk deities in your area?
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Mitra, A. (2020). Ecosystem Services of Mangroves: An Overview. In: Mangrove Forests in India. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-20595-9_1
Publisher Name: Springer, Cham
Print ISBN: 978-3-030-20594-2
Online ISBN: 978-3-030-20595-9