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The Effect of Ecology, Production and Livelihood on the Alpine Grassland Ecosystem of the Tibetan Plateau

  • Xingyuan LiuEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

The grassland of the Tibetan Plateau is an important base for livestock production and shelter for ecological safety in China. The degradation of alpine grassland in the Tibetan Plateau has not only impacted local livestock production and people’s quality of life, but has also damaged the ecosystem security of China and Southeast Asia. By analyzing the function of ecology, production and livelihood (FEPL) of the alpine grassland ecosystem and using the Naqu region of the northern Tibetan Plateau as an example, this study utilizes the annual per-capita income of well-to-do society and the overcome-poverty line for the herdsman to standard livelihood function and establishes an appropriate structure for the FEPL of the alpine grassland ecosystem. Controlling livestock carrying capacity is the key for the development of the FEPL of alpine grassland ecosystem in the Tibetan Plateau.

Keywords

Alpine grassland Ecological service function Interaction mechanism Climate change Titetan Plateau 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystems, College of Pastoral Agricultural Science and TechnologyLanzhou UniversityLanzhouChina

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