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Carbon Management of the Livestock Industry in the HKH Region

  • Yu Li
  • A. Allan Degen
  • Zhanhuan ShangEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Human livelihoods in the HKH rely heavily on livestock husbandry, as this sector supplies essential animal products for the local and surrounding areas. This sector also takes on a dominant role in the anthropogenic disturbance in the carbon cycle in this region due, in part, to the extensive grazing and browsing of the livestock. In the HKH, livestock biomass use contributes towards the first step of the human appropriation of net primary production, which has an estimated value (3.69 ton/cap per year) higher than the Asian average. Methane emissions from the main sources, that is, enteric fermentation and manure, amount to 3.77 million tons per year, while the high emission zones are found in the mixed livestock cropping systems. It could be concluded that there is high potential of carbon emission mitigation in the livestock production sector.

Keywords

Livestock carbon management Highland Asia Hindukush-Karakorum-Himalaya region HANPP Carbon emission 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Life Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-EcosystemsLanzhou UniversityLanzhouChina
  2. 2.Desert Animal Adaptations and Husbandry, Wyler Department of Dryland AgricultureBlaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of NegevBeer ShevaIsrael
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Restoration Ecology of Cold Area in Qinghai ProvinceNorthwest Institute of Plateau Biology, Chinese Academy of SciencesLanzhouChina

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