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Adaptation by Herders on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau in Response to Climate Change and Policy Reforms: The Implications for Carbon Sequestration and Livelihoods

  • Haiying Feng
  • Melissa Nursey-Bray
Chapter

Abstract

There are changes in livelihood strategies of five Tibetan herder communities in the face of climate change and government policies such as adjustments to use rights and restricted herder mobility. Data collection relied on a mixed-method approach, including household surveys and rural rapid appraisals (PRA). Results indicated that yak husbandry is the main source of livelihood and households have a restricted range of livelihood activities. Major coping strategies varied with production system and resource availability and options for mobility of herds. The perception of a majority of respondents was that land tenure reforms had led to creation of more bureaucracies, forced sedentarization, livelihood insecurity, collapse of pastoral adaptation, poverty, resource use conflicts and hindrance to long-term planning and permanent developments. There is need to amend strategies that threaten the environment and instead promote integration of community best practices initiatives in proven concepts of adaptation to climate change and livelihood vulnerability.

Keywords

Yaks Livelihoods Ophiocordyceps sinensis Climate change Carbon sequestration Local ecological knowledge Climate variability Sedentarization Resettlement Adaptation 

Notes

Acknowledgement

HYF is a Research Fellow in the School of Social Sciences, University of Adelaide, Australia and support during her term in the University of Adelaide is much appreciated. One of us (HYF) is a recipient of The National Social Science Fund of China Project: “Grassland degradation and herder sustainable livelihood in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau”(Grant number:17BMZ106). The cooperation of herders in five communities is greatly appreciated as is help from local Bureau officials in Qinghai and in the Tibet Autonomous region.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Haiying Feng
    • 1
  • Melissa Nursey-Bray
    • 2
  1. 1.Research Institute for Qinzhou DevelopmentBeibu Gulf UniversityQinzhouChina
  2. 2.Department of Geography, Environment and PopulationUniversity of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia

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