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Promoting Artificial Grasslands to Improve Carbon Sequestration and Livelihood of Herders

  • Huakun ZhouEmail author
  • Dangjun Wang
  • Meiling Guo
  • Buqing Yao
  • Zhanhuan Shang
Chapter

Abstract

Under the pressure of human population growth, resource exploitation and over grazing, the pasture in the Hindu Kush-Himalayan region (HKH) is deteriorating fast, which seriously affects the social and economic development and carbon fixation. Artificial grasslands a powerful and effective way to achieve it. It not only increases the carbon sink of the ecosystem by increasing the leaf area and the light energy utilization rate of the plant and solves the problem of carbon leakage to increase the carbon storage quantity of the grassland ecosystem, but also increases the grassland biomass for livestock’s forage supply, that improves the living standards of pastoralists and promotes social and economic development. Therefore, reasonable pasture management, such as appropriate mix of plant species and livestock breeds, fertilization, irrigation, poison weed control and rats and pests control are equally important in keeping balance between ecological function and livelihood for pastoral system in HKH region.

Keywords

Hindu Kush-Himalayan region Artificial grassland Carbon sequestration Herder livelihood 

Notes

Acknowledgement

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31672475), National Key Research and Development Program of China (2016YFC0501901), and Qinghai Innovation Platform Construction Project (2017-ZJ-Y20).

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Huakun Zhou
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dangjun Wang
    • 1
  • Meiling Guo
    • 1
  • Buqing Yao
    • 1
  • Zhanhuan Shang
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Restoration Ecology of Cold Area in Qinghai ProvinceNorthwest Institute of Plateau Biology, Chinese Academy of SciencesXiningChina
  2. 2.School of Life Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-EcosystemsLanzhou UniversityLanzhouChina

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