A Reference Architecture Supporting Smart City Applications

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing book series (LNBIP, volume 353)


This paper briefly presents a reference architecture called Virtual Physical Space (ViPS). The purpose of the architecture is to be able to adapt to the development of various Cyber-Physical-Social applications. In the paper, a possible adaptation for a smart seaside city is discussed. The need for virtualization of things from the physical world in a formal way is also considered. Furthermore, the virtualization and modeling of spatial aspects through the AmbiNet formalism is demonstrated by an example.


Internet of Things Cyber-Physical-Social System Virtual Physical Space Calculus of Context-aware Ambients 



The authors wish to acknowledge the partial support of the National Program “Young Scientists and Postdoctoral Students” of the Ministry of Education and Science in Bulgaria, 2018-2019 and of the MES by the Grant No. D01-221/03.12.2018 for NCDSC – part of the Bulgarian National Roadmap on RIs.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Plovdiv University “Paisii Hilendarski”PlovdivBulgaria

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