Advertisement

Participatory Design with Older Adults: Exploring the Latent Needs of Young-Old and Middle-Old in Daily Living Using a Universal Design Approach

  • Alex Pui-yuk KingEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 954)

Abstract

In 2017, global population aged 60 years or over reached nearly 963 million, becoming twice the figure recorded in 1980. Not surprisingly ageing population will continue to accelerate due to continuing decline in fertility and improvement in survival in major diseases. When people who are suffered from cognitive or physical impairment, they often feel alone and experience different degrees of social loneliness. This paper discusses co-design experiences with various stakeholders to explore latent needs of older persons in their daily living using a universal design approach. Through iterative use of creative methods, freehand sketching and physical models, older adults can express their needs in a more accurate, tactile format. Findings reveal that commonality of interest among older persons are important in building rapport among other participants. It also helps designers develop assistive design related to health care, mobility, dining and leisure activities involving older persons, benefiting society as a whole.

Keywords

Participatory design Universal design Elderly Activities of daily living Rapid prototyping 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author would like to express our gratitude to the reviewers for their valuable comments. We would also like to thank the participants and supporting staff who took part in the main study. This research work was supported by The Hong Kong Polytechnic University and Technological and Higher Education Institute of Hong Kong.

References

  1. 1.
    United Nations: World Population Prospects. United Nations, New York (2015)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Census and Statistics Department: Hong Kong Population Projections. Hong Kong Special Administration Region Government Printer, Hong Kong (2016)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Census and Statistics Department: Hong Kong Population Projections. Hong Kong Special Administration Region Government Printer, Hong Kong (2011)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Alzheimer’s Society. Dementia 2012: A National Challenge. Alzheimer’s Society. London (2012)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Victor, C.: Loneliness, Social Isolation and Living Alone in Later Life. Economic and Social Research Council, London (2003)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Suchman, L.: Located accountabilities in technology production. Scand. J. Inf. Syst. 14(2), 91–105 (2002)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cross, N.: Designerly ways of knowing: design discipline versus design science. Des. Issue 17(3), 49–55 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Simonsen, J., Robertson, T.: Routledge International Handbook of Participatory Design. Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, London and New York (2013)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Johnson, R.: User-Centred Technology: A Rhetorical Theory for Computers and Other Mundane Artifacts. SUNY Press, Albany (1998)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sanders, E.B.-N., Stappers, P.J.: Co-creation and the new landscapes of design. CoDesign 4, 5–18 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
  12. 12.
    Chamberlain, P., et al.: The state of the art of design in health: an expert-led review of the extent of the art of design theory and practice in health and social care. Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, UK (2015). designinhealthnetwork.org
  13. 13.
    Alaoui, M., Lewkowicz, M.: A living lab approach to involve elderly in the design of smart TV applications offering communication services. In: Online Communities and Social Computing, OCSC 2013. LNCS, vol. 8029, pp. 325–334 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Froyen, H.: Universal Design, a Methodological Approach. The Institute for Human Centered Design, Boston (2012)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Mace, R.: Definitions: Accessible, Adaptable, and Universal Design. The Center for Universal Design, Fact Sheet# 6, Raleigh, NC (1990)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Russell, L.: The Future of the Built Environment. The Millennium Papers. Age Concern England, London (1999)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Steinfeld, E., Maisel, J.: Universal Design: Creating Inclusive Environments. Wiley, Hoboken (2012)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    King, A.P., Siu, K.W.M.: Participant observation in cognitive gameplay as a rehabilitation tool for living alone elderly with dementia in Hong Kong: a pilot study. Des. J. 20(Sup1), S2426–S2438 (2017)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Danford, G.S., Maurer, J.: Empirical tests of the claimed benefits of universal design. In: Paper Presented at the Proceedings of the Thirty-sixth Annual International Conference of the Environment Design Research Association, pp. 123–128. Environment Design Research Association, Edmond, OK (2005)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Behar, S.: A design solution for “aging in place”. The ASID report, pp. 6–9 (1991)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Mace, R.: Universal design: barrier free environments for everyone. Designers West 33, 147–152 (1985)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Design and EnvironmentTechnological and Higher Education Institute of Hong KongKolwoon TongHong Kong

Personalised recommendations