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Joint CS-MRI Reconstruction and Segmentation with a Unified Deep Network

  • Liyan Sun
  • Zhiwen Fan
  • Xinghao DingEmail author
  • Yue Huang
  • John Paisley
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11492)

Abstract

The need for fast acquisition and automatic analysis of MRI data is growing. Although compressed sensing magnetic resonance imaging (CS-MRI) has been studied to accelerate MRI by reducing k-space measurements, current techniques overlook downstream applications such as segmentation when doing image reconstruction. In this paper, we test the utility of CS-MRI when performing automatic segmentation and propose a unified deep neural network architecture called SegNetMRI for simultaneous CS-MRI reconstruction and segmentation. SegNetMRI uses an MRI reconstruction network with multiple cascaded blocks, each containing an encoder-decoder unit and a data fidelity unit, and a parallel MRI segmentation network having the same encoder-decoder structure. The two subnetworks are pre-trained and fine-tuned with shared reconstruction encoders. The outputs are merged into the final segmentation. Our experiments show that SegNetMRI can improve both the reconstruction and segmentation performance when using compressed measurements.

Keywords

Compressed sensing Magnetic resonance imaging Medical image segmentation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grants 61571382, 81671766, 61571005, 81671674, 61671309 and U1605252, in part by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities under Grant 20720160075, 20720180059, in part by the CCF-Tencent open fund and, the Natural Science Foundation of Fujian Province of China (No. 2017J01126). L. Sun conducted portions of this work at Columbia University under China Scholarship Council grant No. 201806310090.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Liyan Sun
    • 1
  • Zhiwen Fan
    • 1
  • Xinghao Ding
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yue Huang
    • 1
  • John Paisley
    • 2
  1. 1.Fujian Key Laboratory of Sensing and Computing for Smart CityXiamen UniversityFujianChina
  2. 2.Department of Electrical EngineeringColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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