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Incidence and Postural Risk Factors for Low Back Pain Among Informal Garment Female Workers

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Advances in Physical Ergonomics and Human Factors (AHFE 2019)

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This nine-month prospective cohort study aimed to investigate the incidence of low back pain (LBP) and the correlation of LBP with postural risk factors among informal garment female workers. Data was collected by using a follow-up questionnaire to assess the LBP incidence. Ergonomics risk assessment was conducted by using the standard Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA) tool. The incidence of nine-month LBP was presented at 30.98% and the highest incidence was found at month 9th (5.99%). The postural ergonomic factors which were significantly associated with LBP were shoulder flexion 45o–90o, shoulder abduction, elbow flexion 60o–100o, wrist twist, neck twist and trunk twist. The findings confirmed that the LBP incidence was subsequently accumulated every longer period and the working risk posture played a role in that higher risk to LBP development. The findings suggest for ergonomics training for workers in order to perform safe posture while sewing and ergonomics workstation modification.

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The authors also would like to express our greatest appreciation and sincere gratitude to Prof. Dr. Stephen Legg, Asst. Prof. Dr. Pornnapa Suggaravetsiri, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Chalermchai Chaikittiporn, and Dr. Kanikar Trinnawuttipong for their comments and valuable discussion. We would like to thank all of the informal garment female workers who took a part in the study.

Conflicts of Interest. The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.

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Correspondence to Sunisa Chaiklieng .

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Chaiklieng, S., Homsombat, T. (2020). Incidence and Postural Risk Factors for Low Back Pain Among Informal Garment Female Workers. In: Goonetilleke, R., Karwowski, W. (eds) Advances in Physical Ergonomics and Human Factors. AHFE 2019. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol 967. Springer, Cham.

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  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-20141-8

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