New and Revised Mechanism Classifications: Proposal and Motivation

  • P. A. SimionescuEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Mechanisms and Machine Science book series (Mechan. Machine Science, volume 73)


Twenty textbooks on Mechanism and Machine Theory (MMT) have been analyzed, revealing, for the most part, a reduced number of figures of practical machines and mechanisms. Also noted is a de-emphasis of MMT in engineering curricula, and reduced funding of Mechanical Engineering research, while industry-academia collaboration is hindered by bureaucracy and intellectual-property ownership issues. It is believed that Mechanism and Machine Science (MMS) can regain of its importance by extending mechanism classification to include categories such as: Motion transformers, Repetitive mechanisms, Deployable structures, Motion structures, Controllable motion generators, Controllable path generators etc. It is also suggested to distinguish between topologic and kinematic inversions, and to use the term “isomer” for identical mechanisms having prismatic joints arranged either slider-guide or guide-slider.


Mechanism classification Academic research Industry-university collaboration 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Curie E.: Madame Curie A Biography, Doubleday, Doran and Co., New York, 1937.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    National Science Foundation: last accessed 2018/09/09Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    UNESCO Institute for Statistics: last accessed 2018/09/09Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wikipedia: Comparison of imports vs exports of the United States (2018)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wikipedia: List of countries by current account balance (2018)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ankrah S., AL-Tabbaa O.: Universities–industry collaboration: A systematic review, Scandinavian Journal of Management, 31(3), 387-408 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kneller R., Mongeon M., Cope J., Garner C., Ternouth P.: Industry-university collabora-tions in Canada, Japan, the UK and USA with emphasis on publication freedom and man-aging the intellectual property lock-up problem”, PLOS ONE, 9(3), 1-19 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ledford H.: Keeping the lights on, Nature, 515(20), 326-329 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    U.S. Chemical Safety Board: Macondo blowout and explosion investigation report, last accessed 2018/09/09Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative: last accessed 2018/09/09Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Anon.: Why are engineering firms struggling to recruit graduates? The Engineer UK, April (2014)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Anon.: 94% of engineering graduates are not fit for hiring, The Economic Times of India, June (2018)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Belkin B.: More companies teach workers what colleges don’t, The Wall Street Journal, March 22 (2018)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Norton R.L.: The decline of kinematics education in the U.S., Acceptance Speech for the 2002 ASME Machine Design Award, last accessed 2018/09/09Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Belluz J., Plumer B., Resnick B.: The 7 biggest problems facing science, according to 270 scientists, Vox Magazine, Sept. 7 (2006)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Baranov G.G.: Curso de la Teoria de Mecanismos y Maquinas, Mir, Moscow (1979)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Beggs J.S.: Mechanism, McGraw-Hill, New York (1955)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Cleghorn W.L.: Mechanics of Machines, Oxford University Press (2005)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Erdman A.G., Sandor G.N., Kota S.: Mechanism Design: Analysis and Synthesis, 4th ed, Pearson, New York (2001)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ham C.W., Crane E.J.: Mechanics of Machinery, 2nd edn. McGraw-Hill, New York (1938)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Luck, K. Modlere K.H.: Getriebetechnik, Analyse, Synthese Optimierung, Springer, Berlin (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Mallik A.K., Ghosh. A., Dittrich G.: Kinematic Analysis and Synthesis of Mechanisms, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL (1994)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Morecki A., Oderfeld J.: Teoria maszyn i mechanizmów, Państwowe Wydawnictwo Nau-kowe, Warsaw (1987)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Myszka D.H.: Machines & Mechanisms: Applied Kinematic Analysis, 4th edn, Pearson, New York (2011)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Norton R.L.: Design of Machinery: An Introduction to the Synthesis and Analysis of Mechanisms and Machines, 4th ed., McGraw-Hill, New York (2008)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Paul B.: Kinematics and Dynamics of Planar Machinery, Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle Riv-er, NJ (1979)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Rattan S.S.: Theory of Machines, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi (1993)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Simionescu I., Moise V.: Mechanisme, Editura Tehnică, Bucuresti (1999)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Soni A.H.: Mechanism Synthesis and Analysis, McGraw-Hill, New York (1974)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Söylemez, E.: Mechanisms, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey, METU Publication #64 (2009)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Uicker Jr. J.J., Pennock G.R., Shigley J.E.: Theory of Machines and Mechanisms, 4th edn., Oxford University Press (2003)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Vinogradov O.: Fundamentals of Kinematics and Dynamics of Machines and Mechanisms, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Volmer J.: Getriebetechnik, Leitfaden, VEB Verlag Technik, Berlin (1978)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Waldron K.J., Kinzel G.L.: Kinematics, Dynamics, and Design of Machinery, 2nd edn., Wiley, New York (2003)Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Wilson C.E., Sadler J.P.: Kinematics and Dynamics of Machinery, 3rd edn., Pearson, New York (2003)Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Ceccarelli M.: Mechanism classifications over the time: An illustration survey, Symposi-um in honor of Bernie Roth’s 70th Birthday, Machine Mechanism and Robotics Research Conference, Stanford University, June 20-21, 1-29 (2003)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Shalobaev E.V., Shil’ko S.V., Tolocka R.T., Starzhinsky V.E., Iurkova G.N., Surikov D.G.: State of art in separate sections of MMS terminology and some proposals, In: Corves B. et al. (eds) New Advances in Mechanisms, Mechanical Transmissions and Ro-botics. Mechanisms and Machine Science, Springer, New York, 46, 217-225 (2017)Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Simionescu P.A.: An Introduction to Mechanical Systems Design, Class Notes, Texas A&M University Corpus Christi, (2018)Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Simionescu P.A.: MeKin2D: Suite for Planar Mechanism Kinematics, ASME 2016 IDETC/CIE Conference, Charlotte, NC, USA, Aug. 21-24, 1-10 (2016)Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Simionescu P.A.: MeKin2D, last accessed 2018/09/09Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Simionescu P.A., Smith M.R.: Four- and six-bar function cognates and overconstrained mechanisms, Mechanism and Machine Theory, 36(8), 913-924 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    McCarthy J.M., Soh G.S.: Geometric Design of Linkages, Springer, Mew York (2010)Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Simionescu P.A. Computer Aided Graphing and Simulation Tools for AutoCAD Users, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL (2014).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Texas A&M University Corpus ChristiCorpus ChristiUSA

Personalised recommendations