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Microdermabrasion is a popular, noninvasive treatment provided by aestheticians, nurses, nurse practitioners, and other licensed professionals using a closed, controlled system that removes surface debris and dead skin cells from the top layer of skin. It is used to treat rough skin, discoloration, and mild sun damage and provides regeneration of the epidermis, increased blood flow to the skin, and stimulation of collagen. Patients frequently request this treatment before celebrations or events and report their skin feels smoother and their makeup is easier to apply. The procedure is done with an instrument that resembles a wand with a mildly abrasive tip attached to a small, flexible tube that is connected to a vacuum. It gently scrapes the skin as the vacuum removes the debris and deposits it into a waste compartment attached to the machine.

Microdermabrasion can be confused with an invasive procedure, called dermabrasion, which is performed by a surgeon. Dermabrasion is a surgical procedure that requires anesthesia. The surgeon scrapes off the upper layers of skin and the procedure is followed by a recovery period. Dermabrasion is a procedure used to resurface the skin, smooth scars, and diminish wrinkles, whereas microdermabrasion is a treatment for the superficial removal of debris from the skin.


  • Microdermabrasion
  • Hydro-dermabrasion
  • Facial
  • Rough skin
  • Non-invasive
  • Exfoliation
  • Sun damage
  • Fine lines
  • Hydrofacial

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Haney, B. (2020). Microdermabrasion. In: Aesthetic Procedures: Nurse Practitioner's Guide to Cosmetic Dermatology. Springer, Cham.

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