- 176 Downloads
Numerous studies have speculated on the cause of higher crime rates in urban centres. In general, urban criminologists have conceptualised criminogenic behaviour as a rational decision made, taking into account the expected benefits compared to the expected costs. This chapter presents two types of analysis. First, the chapter discuss results from a macro-analysis of risk factors for urban crime, using data related to human development and social polarisation. This is followed by a deep-dive analysis of some of the drivers of crime in Nigerian urban centres. Much of this chapter is based on first-hand information derived from field investigations conducted across major Nigerian cities. Factors such as poverty, unemployment, poor parental upbringing and manipulation by politicians contribute to the involvement of young people in criminal activities in Nigeria.
- Aghadiegwu, U. C., & Ogbonna, U. A. (2015). The Rise of Hate and Peace Journalism in the Nigerian Democratisation Process: The Place of the New Media. Communication Panorama African and Global Perspectives, 1(1), 1–16.Google Scholar
- Ajaegbu, O. O. (2002). Rising Youth Unemployment and Violent Crime in Nigeria. American Journal of Social Issues & Humanities, 2(5), 315–321.Google Scholar
- Ayeni, A. O. (2017). Increasing Population, Urbanisation and Climatic Factors in Lagos State, Nigeria: The Nexus and Implications on Water Demand and Supply. Journal of Global Initiatives: Policy, Pedagogy, Perspective, 11(2), 69–87.Google Scholar
- CLEEN Foundation. (2014). Youths Radicalisation and Affiliation with Insurgent Groups in Northern Nigeria. Lagos: CLEEN Foundation.Google Scholar
- Eck, J. E., & Weisburd, D. L. (2015). Crime Places in Crime Theory: Crime and Place. Crime Prevention Studies, 4, 1–33.Google Scholar
- Ellis, S. (2016). This Present Darkness: A History of Nigerian Organised Crime. London: C Hurst and Co Publishers.Google Scholar
- Fareo, D. O. (2012). Drug Abuse Among Nigerian Adolescents Strategies for Counselling. The Journal of International Social Research, 5(20), 341–347.Google Scholar
- Ferguson, B., Restrepo, J. A., & Villamarín, A. (2010). Estimating Potential Gains in Life Expectancy by Reducing Violent Deaths in Selected Countries. Retrieved August 15, 2018, from https://www.diw.de/documents/dokumentenarchiv/17/diw_01.c.346948.de/restrepo_conflict_gecc.pdf.
- Guichaoua, Y. (2007). Who Joins Ethnic Militias? A Survey of the Oodua People’s Congress in Southwestern Nigeria. Oxford: Centre for Research on Inequality, Human Security and Ethnicity.Google Scholar
- Kieghe, D. (2016). National Ambition: Reconstructing Nigeria. London: New Generation Publishing.Google Scholar
- Nte, N. D., Eke, P., & Igbanibo, S. T. (2009). Street Children and the Challenges of National Security: Evidence from Nigeria. Bangladesh e-Journal of Sociology, 6(2), 28–39.Google Scholar
- Olutayo, A. O., & Omobowale, A. O. (2007). The Youth and the Family in Transition in Nigeria. Review of Sociology, 12(2), 85–95.Google Scholar
- Onifade, C., Imhonopi, D., & Urim, U. M. (2013). Addressing the Insecurity Challenge in Nigeria: The Imperative of Moral Values and Virtue Ethics. Global Journal of Human-Social Science Research, 13(2), 53–63.Google Scholar
- Sampson, I. T. (2012). Religious Violence in Nigeria: Causal Diagnoses and Strategic Recommendations to the State and Religious Communities. African Journal on Conflict Resolution, 12(1), 103–133.Google Scholar
- Senyo, I. (2018). Regret as Northern Nigeria Witnesses Drug Abuse, Broken Marriages, Violent Crimes, Kidnapping, Religious Extremism. World Stage, November 20. Retrieved February 23, 2019, from https://www.worldstagegroup.com/regret-as-northern-nigeria-witnesses-drug-abuse-broken-marriages-violent-crimes-kidnapping-religious-extremism/.
- UNDP. (2016). Human Development Report 2016: Human Development for Everyone. New York, NY: United Nations Development Programme.Google Scholar
- Vanguard. (2016). UN: Nigeria Accounts for 70% of 500m Illicit Weapons in West Africa. Vanguard, August 2. Retrieved October 1, 2018, from https://www.vanguardngr.com/2016/08/un-nigeria-accounts-for-70-of-500m-illicit-weapons-in-west-africa/.