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Hologram Girl


This article deals first of all with the current and future technical possibilities of projecting three-dimensional human shapes into space or into vessels. Then examples for holograms from literature and film are mentioned, from the fictionality of past and present. Furthermore, the reality of the present and the future of holograms is included, i.e., what technicians and scientists all over the world are trying to achieve, in eager efforts to close the enormous gap between the imagined and the actual. A very specific aspect is of interest here, namely the idea that holograms serve us as objects of desire, that they step alongside love dolls and sex robots and support us in some way. Different aspects of fictional and real holograms are analyzed, namely pictoriality, corporeality, motion, size, beauty, and speech capacity. There are indications that three-dimensional human shapes could be considered as partners, albeit in a very specific sense. The genuine advantages and disadvantages need to be investigated further, and a theory of holograms in love could be developed.


  • Hologram
  • Holography
  • Science fiction
  • Sex robot
  • Love doll
  • Ethics

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-19734-6_8
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  1. 1.

    In this context, the company speaks of mixed reality.

  2. 2.

    This passage was translated by the author.

  3. 3.

    This is not a general truth. The clitoris is often said to be unknown to many and not “served” as it should be, and too little attention is paid to it.

  4. 4.

    In a very impressive scene, Joi quits the Spinner, the flying and driving vehicle, after an almost-crash, and through the window pane, she calls for K again and again. As before, she disappears on the passenger seat (where she had also called the name of her friend) again and again.

  5. 5.

    If an image is taken of an image, the image will more often than not lose its effect, regardless if it is a photography or oil painting. But when an image is taken of a hologram, maybe even from different perspectives, it can unfold a certain effect it didn’t have before. An image of an image is a copy; an image of a hologram is a self-reliant, functional representation.

  6. 6.

    However one can establish a relationship to an animated image, as shown by the Tamagotchi and the virtual friend from Artificial Life or 16-year-old Nene Anegasaki from the video game Love Plus (Lill, 2014).

  7. 7.

    This is not the only scene with a giant woman. When the night life in the city is shown in a scene, one sees normal-sized holograms as well as a giant one, a ballerina dancing on pointe.

  8. 8.

    The giantess as an erotic or sexual projection surface has a long tradition. One can think of artist Niki de Saint Phalle with her mighty female figures, some of which can be walked on, or of singer Ariana Grande with her video “God is a woman”, in which she appears as a goddess against whom the men are tiny. Glumdalclitch, a giant “nurse” in Jonathan Swift’s famous book “Gulliver’s Travels”, is a 9-year-old girl the protagonist is in love with in a special way.

  9. 9.

    Blade Runner, who for some time had believed he was human or half-human, is once more painfully reminded that he is not an individual after all.

  10. 10.

    Mention should be made of “Contempt” (1963) with Brigitte Bardot, “Lost in Translation” (2004) with Scarlett Johansson, and “The Girl with Nine Wigs” (2013) with Lisa Tomaschewsky. The wig has different functions. Sometimes, it shows there is a prostitute at work (who not least wants to hide her identity), and sometimes it emphasizes the woman’s will to change and transform. The illness of an actress is another reason for use. In anime films, figures with blue hair—wigs or dyed hair—often are lonely people, unapproachable and recluses, but they are also lively and noble (and all in all full of contradictions). Joi often wears wigs, not only in this scene. In the beginning, when Officer K enters his apartment, and she keeps changing her outfits, she can be seen for a second with one, an almost white model, matching her short silver dress and silver high heels.

  11. 11.

    Think only of the medieval troubadours or of the classic sirens, which according to legend make sailors lose their minds and lives.

  12. 12.

    It is strange that the young man here wishes for possibilities of virtual reality. Azuma Hikari could also have been produced there directly. But the crucial thing is that the anime girl is in his reality.


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Correspondence to Oliver Bendel .

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Bendel, O. (2019). Hologram Girl. In: Zhou, Y., Fischer, M. (eds) AI Love You . Springer, Cham.

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