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Introduction

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Abstract

Over the last four decades, information and communications technologies (ICT) have increasingly affected the ways in which we interact with others and do things in our daily lives and work.

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© 2019 International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement

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Fraillon, J., Ainley, J., Schulz, W., Duckworth, D., Friedman, T. (2019). Introduction. In: IEA International Computer and Information Literacy Study 2018 Assessment Framework. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-19389-8_1

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-19389-8_1

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-19388-1

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-19389-8

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