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Industrial Design

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Integrated Design Engineering


With the beginning of the mass production of goods of all kinds in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, new questions arose about their design. The artisanal production method, which was predominant for centuries, was characterised by a low degree of division of labour in design, engineering design, and execution (often in one person and in a very direct connection between designer, manufacturer, buyer and user). As industrialisation progressed, planning and production processes based on the division of labour developed and the relationship between planners and end customers became more anonymous.

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  1. 1.

    Editor’s note: The English translation of the German term “Produktdesign” results in “product design”. However, the English term is not unambiguous as the German, because it covers different meanings like, e.g., “product development”, “product design”, “product layout”, “product draft”, etc. In order to avoid definitional ambiguities when talking about the first product attribute, the IDE term “Product Gestalt” (in German: Produktgestalt) is used throughout this book except of this chapter. Apart from this, the term “product design” used in this chapter corresponds fully to the term “Product Gestalt” used otherwise.


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Gatzky, T. (2020). Industrial Design. In: Vajna, S. (eds) Integrated Design Engineering. Springer, Cham.

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  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-19356-0

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