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Battlefields and Borderlands: The Past, Present and Future of Collateral Values

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Part of the Landscape Series book series (LAEC,volume 25)

Abstract

Collateral values are the improvements and/or conservation of the natural capital of landscapes upon which societies conduct war and similar conflicts. This book presents case studies of actual or potential collateral values. The study of collateral values thus falls within the new field of Warfare Ecology, as introduced by Machlis and Hanson (Bioscience 58(8):729–736, 2008). Machlis and Hanson propose a “taxonomy” of warfare ecology effects, based on whether the activities that cause the effect are part of the preparations for war, the actual waging of war, or the post-conflict recoveries. In this chapter, we analyze each of the case studies presented in this book in light of the Machlis-Hanson taxonomy, noting that the landscape under study may be defined as a unit during one phase, and acquire its collateral values in a later phase. The evolution of warfare suggests that current and future wars are unlikely to define battlefields suitable for the development of collateral values. However, older battlefields with significant collateral values may be more likely to resist pressures for economic development, due to the historical and memorial significance of those landscapes. In contrast, tensions along borders and/or border disputes may continue to define new landscapes that can acquire collateral values. As protected areas of all types are under great pressure, we hope the recognition of collateral values may help conserve them.

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Fig. 12.1

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Correspondence to Peter D. Smallwood .

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Smallwood, P.D., Lookingbill, T.R. (2019). Battlefields and Borderlands: The Past, Present and Future of Collateral Values. In: Lookingbill, T., Smallwood, P. (eds) Collateral Values. Landscape Series, vol 25. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-18991-4_12

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