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Microbial Diversity of Saline Habitats: An Overview of Biotechnological Applications

  • Shubhrima Ghosh
  • Sumit Kumar
  • Sunil Kumar KhareEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 56)

Abstract

Saline environments across oceans, salt lakes, salt pans, and salterns are home to a myriad variety of microbes, plants, and higher animals. These environments give rise to unusual adaptive properties in microbes, which could be exploited for biotechnological applications. Current advances in technology such as culture-based methods and metagenomics have facilitated the detection and study of distribution of microorganisms in extreme saline habitats. This chapter broadly covers the microbial diversity of saline ecological niches with emphasis on screening and isolation of halophiles, leading to the production of new bioactive molecules such as enzymes, antibiotics, osmolytes, and polymers. Further applications of these microbes in bioremediation, enzyme industry, drug development, biofuels, bioplastics, and compatible solutes have been extensively discussed.

Keywords

Microbial diversity Halophiles Industrial enzymes Antibiotics Bioremediation Compatible solutes Bioplastics 

Notes

Acknowledgements

SG is grateful to the Indian Institute of Technology Delhi and MHRD, Government of India for Senior Research Fellowship. Author SK is grateful to the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR, Govt. of India) for Senior Research Associateship (Scientists’ Pool Scheme).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shubhrima Ghosh
    • 1
  • Sumit Kumar
    • 1
  • Sunil Kumar Khare
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Enzyme and Microbial Biochemistry Laboratory, Department of ChemistryIndian Institute of Technology DelhiNew DelhiIndia

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