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Phosphate-Solubilising Fungi and Their Potential Role in Sustainable Agriculture

  • Sanjana Kaul
  • Supriya Sharma
  • Apra
  • Manoj K. Dhar
Chapter
Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 55)

Abstract

Phosphate-solubilising fungi harness the phosphate available in the soil-plant systems and make it available to the plants. They solubilise or mineralise phosphate that is present in the sparingly soluble organic and inorganic form in the soil, thereby improving growth and yield of a wide variety of crops. Various mechanisms governing the plant growth promotion by phosphate solubilisation are being investigated. Development of an efficient management system to improve agricultural productivity is of current interest in agricultural biotechnology. Use of phosphate-solubilising fungi (PSF) as conventional phosphate fertilisers is a promising strategy to improve global demands of improved agricultural productivity, depletion of soil fertility, water pollution and accumulation of toxic elements. It provides an environmentally acceptable agro-technique for enhanced agricultural sustainability. Despite the significance of PSF in plant growth promotion, they are still to be replaced with conventional chemical fertilisers. This review mainly focuses on the fungi that can solubilise phosphorus and thus have the potential to be used as biofertilisers. The mechanism of phosphate solubilisation is being highlighted with its significance, thereby depicting the success of this technology. Finally, the agronomic effectiveness of PSF has been discussed, which concludes that this technology is ready for commercial exploitation in various regions worldwide.

Keywords

Agro-techniques Biofertilisers Mineralise Phosphate-solubilising fungi 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sanjana Kaul
    • 1
  • Supriya Sharma
    • 1
  • Apra
    • 1
  • Manoj K. Dhar
    • 1
  1. 1.School of BiotechnologyUniversity of JammuJammuIndia

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