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Circadian Rhythms in Plant-Microbe Interaction: For Better Performance of Bioinoculants in the Agricultural Fields

  • Raghavendra Maddur Puttaswamy
Chapter
Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 55)

Abstract

Circadian rhythm (CR) is an important regulator of numerous basic functions of the living organisms such as carbon metabolism, gene expression and regulation, growth and reproduction. It is widely accepted, and several research activities prove its implication on health and disease especially in humans and plants including microbes associated with it. CR is reported to regulate circadian clock which is subjected to extensive natural variation during day and night, light intensity, availability of nutrients, stress and other factors. CR varies within and between species; this underlies the importance of understanding the phenomenon at the individual level to develop disease management strategies or production of microbial formulations used for growth promotion. In plants, rhizosphere microorganisms extensively depend on the root exudates, and its composition is reported to alter with CR in response to external stimuli including global warming and pollution. These microbes play an important role in plant growth and its environmental fitness and hence the concept of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) came to existence. However, even today circadian clock regulating interaction of PGPR with plants is not extensively studied, and hence most of the time, microbes developed in the laboratory fail to perform in the field level. The world is awaiting another green revolution to feed the growing population with bitter experience of the previous revolution. It is the right time to understand the circadian clock at the species level and to develop suitable formulations to exploit the beneficial aspect of plant-microbe interaction to achieve high yield in the agricultural fields as a part of the sustainable agriculture. Understanding the CR in plant-pathogen interaction will also help to develop suitable treatment strategies to overcome the yield loss due to infection.

Keywords

Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria Sustainable agriculture Rhizosphere microflora Circadian clock 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raghavendra Maddur Puttaswamy
    • 1
  1. 1.Maharani’s Science College for Women (Affiliated to University of Mysore)MysuruIndia

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