South Sudan: BRICS Active Mediator or Bystander to Conflict?
The conflict in South Sudan, unlike the other conflicts, does not touch upon issues of state sovereignty or regime change. It is predominately a civil war with a regional dimension. The BRICS response to this crisis is mostly cooperative and multilateral aiming to seek a negotiated peace agreement. Of the BRICS group China has been the most pro-active actor facilitating peace talks and sending peacekeepers to the country. This follows directly from its multibillion-dollar investments in the oil sector and experience of asset loss during the war in Libya. Other BRICS countries are also engaged. India deploys the largest contingent of troops to the UN mission and South Africa supported peace talks through regional organizations. Russia and Brazil remained mostly passive bystanders.