History of Soil Survey

Part of the World Soils Book Series book series (WSBS)


This chapter covers the history of soils survey in Georgia starting from Vakhushti Bagrationi (eighteenth century), who divided the country into five botanical–agricultural zones, which are the vertical zones of soil with different fertilities; and Sulkhan-Saba Orbeliani (eighteenth century) which lexicon and encyclopedia contain terms describing features and properties of soils. Later (nineteenth century), V. Dokuchaev used the route method to study the soils in different regions (coastal zone, foothills, and mountainous). Following this trip, he established the regularities of the vertical soil distribution. A number of published textbooks, monographs, and scientific papers on Soil Science and soils of Georgia are chronologically described. The study results of some scientists and groups of researchers, as well as scientific directions of research and educational institutions, are considered in the field of classification and genesis of soils, agrochemical and physical properties, mineral and organic fertilizers, erosion control, soil pollution, mapping, etc.


Soil survey Vakhushti Bagrationi Sulkhan-Saba Orbeliani Soil history 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Exact & Natural Sciences, Department of Soil GeographyIvane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State UniversityTbilisiGeorgia

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