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Introduction

Chapter
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Part of the World Soils Book Series book series (WSBS)

Abstract

Georgia is located in the mountainous Caucasus Region and washed in the west by the Black Sea. Its geographical position and versatile natural conditions determine diverse soil landscape and wide range of soil spectrum. Despite a relatively small territory, there are different types of soils (from the marshy lands to the semidesert soils), as well as their altitudinal distribution is very diverse (from the sea level to the high mountains). Based on the National classifications, soil cover includes such main types as mountain-meadow, mountain-forest-meadow, mountain chernozems, brown-forest, raw-humus-calcareous, cinnamonic and meadow cinnamonic, gray-cinnamonic and meadow gray cinnamonic, vertisols, salt, solonetz, red, yellow, subtropical podzolic and gley-podzolic, bog, alluvial soils, etc.

Keywords

Pedosphere Mirror of landscape Memory of landscape Soil types Soil diversity Georgia 

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Exact & Natural Sciences, Department of Soil GeographyIvane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State UniversityTbilisiGeorgia

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