Some Cases of Smart Use of the IoT

  • Mohammad Ali Jabraeil Jamali
  • Bahareh Bahrami
  • Arash Heidari
  • Parisa Allahverdizadeh
  • Farhad Norouzi
Part of the EAI/Springer Innovations in Communication and Computing book series (EAISICC)


IoT refers to an emerging paradigm that consists of a continuum of unique things that communicate with each other to form dynamic global networks. IoT, such as objects, appliances, and sensors, is the network of unique identified connected devices with computing services. The IoT term is relatively new and has been the concept of combining computers and networks to monitor and control devices for decades. For example, by the end of the 1970s electric grid remote monitoring meters via telephone lines had already been used in commercial use. Advanced wireless technology has also become extensive for the machine-to-machine companies and industrial solutions for monitoring and operation of equipment where closed-end networks or proprietary industry-specific standards have been used instead of Internet Protocol (IP) and internet standards. Since the beginning of the use of IP to connect devices in the early 2000s, a robust research and development field in the networking of intelligent objects leads to the foundation of IoT today. The term IoT is now popular for scenarios in which internet connectivity and computing capabilities extend to a variety of objects. The idea behind the IoT can also be seen in Fig. 4.1. A refers to technology globalization (anytime, anywhere, any device, any device, any network, etc.) and C reflects IoT’s collection, convergence, connectivity, computing, etc. properties. But the IoT of today has extended beyond the A and C range.

Several organization predictions provide a wide range of estimates of the total number of IP-enabled IoT devices operating on the internet by next year, from a low of 19 billion to a highly optimistic forecast of up to 40 billion, and rather this growth continues exponentially over the coming decade. This growth opens an era of new services which can bring significant changes for individual citizens, society, the economy, and the environment as well as numerous business opportunities. The rest of this chapter provides basic IoT building blocks with the definitions proposed by various organizations and major IoT applications.


Environmental monitoring Medical and health care Home automation Smart city 


  1. 1.
    J. Gubbi, R. Buyya, S. Marusic, M. Palaniswami, Internet of things (IoT): a vision, architectural elements, and future directions. Futur. Gener. Comput. Syst. 29, 1645–1660 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. Wang, G. Zhang, C. Zhang, J. Zhang, C. Li, An IoT-based appliance control system for smart homes. in Fourth International Conference on Intelligent Control and Information Processing (ICICIP), Beijing, China, 9–11 June 2013, pp. 744–747Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Smart Home Building, Verband der Elektrotechnik, VDE, März, 2013Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    B. Davidovic, A. Labus, A smart home system based on sensor technology. Electron. Energ. 29(3), 451–460 (2016)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A.M.C. Souza, J.R.A. Amazonas, A novel smart home application using an internet of things middleware. in Proceedings of 2013 European Conference on Smart Objects, Systems and Technologies (SmartSysTech), Erlangen/Nuremberg, Germany, 11–12 June 2013, pp. 1–7Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. Bangali, A. Shaligram, Energy efficient smart home based on wireless sensor network using LabVIEW. IJER 2(12), 409–413 (2013)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    D. Bregman, Smart home intelligence – the eHome that learns. Int. J. Smart Home 4(4), 35–46 (2010)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Y. Han, X. Xu, K. He, Service computing for the future internet. Commun. China Comput. Fed. 9, 10–11 (2010)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. Darianian, M.P. Michael, Smart home mobile RFID-based internet-of-things systems and services. in IEEE Computer Society on Advanced Computer Theory and Engineering, Phuket, 20–22 Dec 2008, pp. 116–118Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    T.V.A. Khoa, Wearable smart technologies: new era of technology. Master’s Thesis, Lapland University of Applied Sciences, Lapland, Finland, 2015Google Scholar
  11. 11.
  12. 12.
  13. 13.
    Audi Uses Wearables in Logistics, Accessed 5 February 2018
  14. 14.
    J. Teizer, Wearable, wireless identification sensing platform: Self-Monitoring Alert and Reporting Technology for Hazard Avoidance and Training (SmartHat). J. Inf. Technol. Constr. 20, 295–312 (2015)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    L.A. Maglaras, A.H. Al-Bayatti, Y. He, I. Wagner, H. Janicke, Social internet of vehicles for smart cities. J. Sens. Actuator Netw. 5(3), 1–6 (2016)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    G. Ambrosino, J.D. Nelson, M. Boero, I. Pettinelli, Enabling intermodal urban transport through complementary services: from Flexible Mobility Services to the Shared Use Mobility Agency. Res. Transp. Econ. 59, 179–184 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    McRock Capital, issuu, McRock’s Industrial Internet of Things Report 2014, 2014Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Z. Pödör, A. Gludovátz, L. Bacsardi, I. Erdei, N.F. Janky, Industrial IoT techniques and solutions in wood industrial manufactures. Infocommun. J. IX, 24–30 (2017)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Digital Oilfield, issuu McRock’s Industrial Internet of Things Repor..., 2014, p. 6,
  20. 20.
    J. Gubbi, R. Buyya, S. Marusic, M. Palaniswami, Internet of things (IoT): a vision, architectural elements, and future directions. Future Gener. Comput. Syst. 29, 1645–1660 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Internet of Things in 2020: Roadmap for the Future.
  22. 22.
    A. Botta, W. De Donato, V. Persico, A. Pescape, Integration of cloud computing and internet of things: a survey. Future Gener. Comput. Syst. 56, 684–700 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    L. Atzori, A. Iera, G. Morabito, The internet of things: a survey. Comput. Netw. 54(15), 2787–2805 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    N. Gondchawar, R.S. Kawitkar, IoT based smart agriculture. Int. J. Advanced Res. Comput. Commun. Eng. 5(6), 177–181 (2016)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    T. Arampatzis, J. Lygeros, S. Manesis, A survey of applications of wireless sensors and wireless sensor networks. in 2005 IEEE International Symposium on Intelligent Control & 13th Mediterranean Conference on Control and Automation. Limassol, Cyprus, 27–29 June 2005, pp. 1–2, 719–724Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    N. Kotamaki, S. Thessler, J. Koskiaho, A.O. Hannukkala, H. Huitu, T. Huttula, J. Havento, M. Jarvenpaa, Wireless in-situ sensor network for agriculture and water monitoring on a river basin scale in southern Finland: evaluation from a data users perspective. Sensors 9(3), 2862–2883 (2009). Scholar
  27. 27.
    B.G.J. ten Bok, Innovating the Retail Industry; an IoT approach. in 7th IBA Bachelor Thesis Conference, Enschede, The Netherlands, 1 July 2016. Copyright 2016, University of Twente, The Faculty of Behavioural, Management and Social SciencesGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    I. Papastamatiou, H. Doukas, E. SpilIoTis, J. Psarras, How “OPTIMUS” is a city in terms of energy optimization? e-SCEAF: a web based decision support tool for local authorities. Inf. Fusion 29, 149–161 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    E. Fotopoulou, A. Zafeiropoulos, F. Terroso-Sáenz, U. Şimşek, A. González-Vidal, G. Tsiolis, P. Gouvas, P. Liapis, A. Fensel, A. Skarmeta, Providing personalized energy management and awareness services for energy efficiency in smart buildings. Sensors 17, 2054 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    S.M. Riazul Islam, D. Kwak, Md.H. Kabir, M. Hossain, K.-S. Kwak, The internet of things for health care: a comprehensive survey. IEEE Trans. 3, 2169–3536 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    B.K. Bhoomika, K.N. Muralidhara, Secured smart healthcare monitoring system based on IoT. Int. J. Recent Innovation Trends Comput. Commun. 3(7), 4958 (2015)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Z.M. Kalarthi, A review paper on smart health care system using internet of things. Int. J. Res. Eng. Technol. 5(3), 79–81 (2016)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    K.U. Sreekanth, K.P. Nitha, A study on health care in internet of things. Int. J. Recent Innovation Trends Comput. Commun. 4(2), 44–47 (2016)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    B.S. Babu, K. Srikanth, T. Ramanjaneyulu, I.L. Narayana, IoT for healthcare. Int. J. Sci. Res. 5(2), 322–326 (2016)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Ali Jabraeil Jamali
    • 1
  • Bahareh Bahrami
    • 2
  • Arash Heidari
    • 1
  • Parisa Allahverdizadeh
    • 1
  • Farhad Norouzi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer Engineering, Shabestar BranchIslamic Azad UniversityShabestarIran
  2. 2.Young Researchers and Elite Club, Khoy BranchIslamic Azad UniversityKhoyIran

Personalised recommendations