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Eucalypt (Hardwood) Species and Provenance Research and Breeding Programmes

  • C. J. A. Shelbourne
Chapter

Abstract

Research was initially devoted to starting breeding programmes in E. saligna, E. botryoides, E. delegatensis, E. nitens, E. regnans and E. fastigata. E. obliqua was selected but no trial establishment done. Results were reported in particular detail for E. regnans and E. fastigata. Work started in 1974, and by 1980, all species were under breeding programmes (work supervised by Mike Wilcox). Later results were reported by Phil Cannon in Durban in 1991, bringing the progress of eucalypt breeding more up to date. The late Paul Kibblewhite initiated single-tree kraft pulping studies of 29 trees each of E. nitens, E. regnans and E. fastigata and 10 trees of E. maidenii, generally showing that at age 15–22 years, the pulps of these species (except E. maidenii) were low in bulk and generally unsuited for market kraft pulp. An intensive sawing study on some 15 E. nitens trees, grown fast under heavy thinning, showed severe growth stresses that badly affected sawn timber. Sawing a short 1 m bolt however gave useful prediction of checking which was general. A sawing study on E. pilularis, E. fastigata, E. muelleriana and E. globoidea at age 20 showed the real promise of these species for short rotation production of sawn timber.

Keywords

Eucalypts Kraft pulping Sawing nitens Stringybarks 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. J. A. Shelbourne
    • 1
  1. 1.RotoruaNew Zealand

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