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Innovation Technologies in Wastewater Treatment: A Cost-Effective Solution—Jordan Case Study

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Abstract

Natural and semi-natural wastewater treatment system is used in the rural area, to protect the environment and to improve the treatment efficiency processes in the wastewater treatment units and reuse it in agriculture as low-cost treatment solutions especially in water scarcity countries like Jordan. Different wastewater technologies are commercially used for the treatment of municipal as well as industrial wastewater. Wetland technologies, SBR, septic tank, modified septic tank, and biofilm system are successfully implemented in Jordan in the one of an important demonstration research center and also in several cities in Jordan. Decentralized wastewater treatment processes were achieved by the aeration in aerobic systems (oxidation of organic compounds and nitrification) and wetlands system. The aim of this chapter is to demonstrate developing and transferring some innovative wastewater technologies as an example in Jordan Valley as an approach for integrated water resources management (IWRM). This was implemented by several international supports to enable sustainable use of water resources. Also to demonstrate Sustainable Management of Available Water Resources with Innovative Technologies (SMART) treatment efficiency of some innovative treatment technologies of municipal wastewater in small scale and reuse it for irrigation purpose. Furthermore, it is necessary to insure the local water quality required, a cost-effective treatment, sustainability, and protection of public health. The development and adaptation of the above technologies and solutions have considered the local conditions and climate change.

Keywords

  • Small scale
  • Wastewater treatment
  • Biological
  • SBR
  • Wetland
  • Nitrification
  • IWRM

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Notes

  1. 1.

    See Footnote 1.

  2. 2.

    Trade Effluent: that is defined as any wastewater discharged to a sewerage system which is produced in the course of any industrial, commercial, agricultural, medical, and scientific or trade activity, but does not include domestic wastewater.

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Acknowledgements

The author would like to acknowledge that the case study project was supported by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research in Germany in cooperation with Water sector in Jordan. Namely the Ministry of Water and Irrigation in Jordan, as well, with local universities and research institutions in Jordan (Al-Balqa Applied University as a main local partner). The author is involved in this project via her work for Al-Balqa Applied University & GIZ in Jordan as senior wastewater engineering and Capacity building specialist between 2016 to the present time. SMART: The Sustainable Management of Water Resources with Innovative Technologies, which is supported by the German Federal Ministry for Education and Research in Germany an investigation that has been carried out in the Jordan Valley in cooperation with several local and German stakeholders will be a regional research and training center to provide the region with good experience in wastewater management in the region.

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Shareef, N. (2020). Innovation Technologies in Wastewater Treatment: A Cost-Effective Solution—Jordan Case Study. In: Negm, A., Shareef, N. (eds) Waste Management in MENA Regions. Springer Water. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-18350-9_15

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