Advertisement

Solid Waste Management in Palestine

  • Eyad YaqobEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Springer Water book series (SPWA)

Abstract

There is a significant increase in the urban population in developing countries, such as Palestine, and this poses a major challenge to the Joint Service Councils (JSCs) for solid waste management in Palestine. The problems associated with solid and hazardous waste management in developing countries are diverse and complex. Rapid development, urbanization, population growth, and problems related to the effective management of solid waste have greatly escalated. There are five distinct aspects of solid waste management: identification and classification of source and nature of waste, separation, storage, and collection of waste, waste transportation, treatment (including recovery of resources) from waste, final disposal of waste. The critical waste management issues that Palestine is challenged include stop increasing waste generation and saving landfill space and consequently lengthening the lifetime of the landfill sites. The process of sitting and building of new landfill sites entail, like in other countries, time-consuming processes, and require a long time in general, or rather difficult especially in Palestine if considered territorial dispute and political situation. Under such circumstances, it is required to know the actual data for solid waste situation as accurately as possible and to estimate the future waste quantity and quality in order to establish a precise policy on waste management and facility construction plan. The purpose of this chapter is to focus on the solid waste equipment management and how to plan the future needs of waste collection vehicles in Palestine. The study has determined that the waste collection vehicles which production before 2010 are out of duty and expendable vehicles and must be fully replaced and vehicles produced between 2011 and 2015 have 50% workable and vehicles of 2016 and higher are considered new and do not need to be changed. The study showed that in 2022, Palestine needs 97 garbage collection vehicles to meet the expected deficit in collection vehicles. The expected waste quantity will reach 2353 tons/day. The total severed population in 2022 is 3,139,341 (65% of the Palestinian population at that time), and the Unit Generation Rate is 0.75 kg/person/day.

Keywords

JSC Palestine Landfill Solid waste Waste management 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The author highly appreciates the financial support provided by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA, Ramallah office) for the author during his activity as local Expert Technical Advisor for the Ministry of Local Government (MoLG). In addition, the author thanks Joint Service Council Directorate in MoLG, for their interactive discussions and technical corrections, and offers all the reports and references. Heartfelt thanks also to the anonymous referees.

References

  1. 1.
    PCBS (2013) Household Environmental Survey 2013Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    UNDP – PAPP; DHV ENFRA TECC (2012) Feasibility Study and Detailed Design for Solid Waste Management in the Gaza Strip JanuaryGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Arij (2011)- Status of the Environment in the occupied Palestinian territory, A Human Rights – Based ApproachGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    National Strategy for Solid Waste Management in the Palestinian territory 2010–2014 (2010) The Palestinian National Authority, Ramallah, Palestine Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Musleh R,  Al-Khatib A (2010) An assessment of solid waste sorting and recycling in the northern and southern West Bank, and identification of suitable pilot projects for implementation in Hebron and Bethlehem Governorates. IMG, July 2010Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    The solid waste management thematic working group (2011) Donors mapping (last updated January)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (2011) Household Survey on Information and Communications Technology, 2011: Main Findings. Ramallah - PalestineGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ministry of Local Government, MoLG (2018) Palestinian Authority, Data Book for the Solid Waste Management JSC in Palestine ReportGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    EL-Hamouz, A. (2010) - Final Report on the Development of a National Master Plan for Hazardous Waste Management for the Palestinian National Authority (PNA).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    UNEP (2003) Desk study on the environment in the occupied Palestinian territoriesGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    ARIJ (2007) Status of the Environment in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. 16- (source: Atef Jaber, Palestinian Environmental Friends Association) http://www.pefrafah.org.ps/
  12. 12.
    UNDP – PAPP; DHV ENFRA TECC (2012) Feasibility Study and Detailed Design for Solid Waste Management in the Gaza Strip JanuaryGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    PCBS (2012) Transportation and Communication Statistics in the Palestinian Territory: Annual Report 2011. Ramallah, PalestineGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Arab American UniversityJeninPalestine

Personalised recommendations