Chronic Urticaria

  • Irena Ivkovic-JurekovicEmail author
  • Marta Navratil
  • Iva Topalusic

Practical Points

  • Chronic urticaria is defined by the presence of wheals, angioedema, or both during most days of the week, for a duration of more than 6 weeks

  • Chronic urticaria may be inducible or spontaneous

  • The therapeutic approach comprises two main steps: (1) avoidance of the cause or trigger, and (2) symptomatic pharmacological treatment by reducing mast cell mediator release or reducing the effect of these mediators on the target organ


Chronic spontaneous urticaria Chronic inducible urticaria Autologous serum skin test 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Irena Ivkovic-Jurekovic
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Marta Navratil
    • 1
    • 2
  • Iva Topalusic
    • 1
  1. 1.Children’s Hospital ZagrebZagrebCroatia
  2. 2.Faculty of Dental Medicine and HealthcareUniversity of OsijekOsijekCroatia

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