Adaptive Security Based on MAPE-K: A Survey

  • Evangelina LaraEmail author
  • Leocundo Aguilar
  • Mauricio A. Sanchez
  • Jesús A. García
Part of the Studies in Systems, Decision and Control book series (SSDC, volume 209)


As systems evolve into interconnected heterogeneous components, their security threats increase in number and complexity, and static security measures are not capable of confronting all of them. A strategy to address this issue is the use of autonomic software, which adapts the security mechanisms at runtime according to the environmental changes that impact on the required security level. An approach to achieve autonomic computing is by using the MAPE-K reference model developed by IBM, which consists of a feedback loop composed of the functions: Monitor, Analyze, Plan, and Execute. In this manuscript, adaptive security models based on MAPE-K are surveyed, their characteristics are described, and a comparison of their domains, structures, and adaptive objectives is presented.



This work was funded by CONACYT, under grant number 536467.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Evangelina Lara
    • 1
    Email author
  • Leocundo Aguilar
    • 1
  • Mauricio A. Sanchez
    • 1
  • Jesús A. García
    • 1
  1. 1.Facultad de Ciencias Químicas e IngenieríaUniversidad Autónoma de Baja CaliforniaTijuanaMexico

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