Advertisement

The Challenge of School Leadership in a War Zone: A Palestinian School in East Jerusalem

  • Khalid Arar
  • Asmahan Massry-HerzallahEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter presents a case study investigating the challenges facing a Palestinian school in the very eye of the storm in the divided city of Jerusalem. This is therefore a rich ethnographic case study of a Palestinian school in East Jerusalem where the principal finds himself defending his staff and students in encounters with Israeli soldiers at the checkpoints on their way to school. The reality in the city radiates onto teachers’ and students’ functioning and the school’s educational climate. To clarify the way in which the school copes with their daily conflict experiences, we conducted a qualitative study, interviewing key figures in the school in depth and performing observations within and outside the school walls. This enabled us to paint an accurate portrait of the school. The chapter closes with several conclusions concerning the school’s coping strategies within a conflict zone.

Keywords

Challenges School leadership Jerusalem Palestine Curriculum 

References

  1. Al Jazeera. (2012, September 15). Education suffers in East Jerusalem. Retrieved from http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/2012/09/201296102042473785.html
  2. Arar, K., & Ibrahim, F. (2016). Education for national identity: Arab school principals’ and teachers’ dilemmas and coping strategies. Journal of Education Policy, 31(6), 681–693.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Auga, M., Hasson, S., Nasrallah, R., & Stetter, S. (Eds.). (2005). Divided cities in transition: Challenges facing Jerusalem and Berlin. Jerusalem, Israel: The Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, The International Peace and Cooperation Center and The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies.Google Scholar
  4. B’Tselem. (2017). Unprotected, the arrest of youth in East Jerusalem. B’Tselem. [Hebrew]. Retrieved from https://www.btselem.org/hebrew/publications/summaries/201710_unprotected
  5. Bollens, S. A. (1998). Urban planning amidst ethnic conflict: Jerusalem and Johannesburg. Urban Studies, 35(4), 729–750.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bollens, S. A. (2002). Urban planning and intergroup conflict: Confronting a fractured public interest. Journal of the American Planning Association, 68(1), 22–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Brah, A., & Coombs, A. E. (Eds.). (2000). Hybridity and its discontents: Politics, science, and culture. London, UK: Routledge.Google Scholar
  8. Cheshin, A., Hutman, B., & Melamed, A. (1999). Separate and unequal. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Choshen, M. (2008). The unique education system of Jerusalem. In A. Ahimeir & I. Bar-Siman Tov (Eds.), 40 years in Jerusalem. Jerusalem, Israel: The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Research. [Hebrew].Google Scholar
  10. Choshen, M. (2011). The Arab education system in Jerusalem. Jerusalem, Israel: Jerusalem Institute for Policy Studies. [Hebrew]. Retrieved from http://jiis-jerusalem.blogspot.com/2011/07/blog-post.html Google Scholar
  11. Cohen, H. (2007). The marketplace is empty – The rise and fall of Arab Jerusalem 1967-2007. Jerusalem, Israel: Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies. [Hebrew].Google Scholar
  12. Kashti, O., & Hasson, N. (2016). Israel’s education ministry to pay East Jerusalem schools to ‘Israelize’ curriculum. Retrieved from https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-israel-to-pay-e-jlem-schools-to-israelize-curriculum-1.5397288
  13. Khamaisi, R. (1996). The Israeli-Palestinian conflict: Building the future Palestine. Eurasian Geography and Economics, 51(6), 716–732.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Klein, M. (2005). Old and new walls in Jerusalem. Political Geography, 24, 53–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kliot, N., & Mansfeld, Y. (1997). The political landscape of partition - The case of Cyprus. Political Geography, 16(6), 495–521.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Koren, D. (2017). Eastern Jerusalem: End of an intermediate era. The Jerusalem Institute for Strategic Studies. Retrieved from https://jiss.org.il/en/eastern-jerusalem/
  17. Marshall, C., & Rossman, G. (2012). Designing qualitative research (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  18. Masry-Herzallah, A., & Razin, E. (2014). Israeli-Palestinian migrants in Jerusalem: An emerging middleman minority. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 40(7), 1002–1022.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. McGlynn, C., Niens, U., Cairns, E., & Hewstone, M. (2004). Moving out of conflict: The contribution of integrated schools in Northern Ireland to identity, attitudes, forgiveness and reconciliation. Journal of Peace Education, 1(2), 147–161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Nassrallah, R. (2003). Divided cities: Trends of separation and integration. In A. Friedman & R. Nasrallah (Eds.), Divided cities in transition. Jerusalem, Israel: International Peace and Cooperation Center; Al Manar Modern Press.Google Scholar
  21. Nir, A. E. (2011). The emergence of hybrid role conflict in conflicting settings: A unique challenge for school leaders. International Journal of Educational Reform, 20(4), 343–357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Rajendran, N. S. (2001). Dealing with biases in qualitative research: A balancing act for researchers. Paper presented at The Qualitative Research Convention 2001: Navigating Challenges, 25-26 October, University of Malaya.Google Scholar
  23. Ramon, A., & Lehres, L. (2014). East Jerusalem. Summer 2014: An explosive reality and recommendations for Israeli policy. Jerusalem, Israel: Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies. [Hebrew].Google Scholar
  24. Ronen, I. (2017). Hollow governance: The education system in East Jerusalem. Law and Government, 19. [Hebrew].Google Scholar
  25. Sion, L. (2013). Passing as hybrid: Arab-Palestinian teachers in Jewish schools. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 37(14), 2636–2652.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. (1990). Basics of qualitative research. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  27. Tatarski, A. & Maimon, O. (2017). Report on education in East Jerusalem: Fifty years of neglect. Jerusalem, Israel: Ir Amim. [Hebrew].Google Scholar
  28. The Association for Civil Rights in Israel. (2017). East Jerusalem facts and figures, 2017. Retrieved from http://www.acri.org.il/en/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Facts-and-Figures-2017.pdf
  29. Weinberg, D. M. (2018). Know comment: Israel must rule generously in Jerusalem, Jerusalem Post. Retrieved from https://www.jpost.com/Opinion/Israel-must-rule-generously-in-Jerusalem-542132
  30. Worgen, I. (2011). Arguments concerning the use of unauthorized learning programs and materials in the education system in general and in the non-Jewish sector (including East Jerusalem) in particular, 13. Jerusalem, Israel: The Knesset Research and Education Department. [Hebrew].Google Scholar
  31. Yair, G., & Alayan, S. (2009). Paralysis at the top of a roaring volcano: Israel and the schooling of the Palestinians in East Jerusalem. Comparative Education Review, 53(2), 235–257. Retrieved from http://www.ir-amim.org.il/en/report/shortage-classrooms-east-jerusalem-annual-survey.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Al-Qasemi Academic College of EducationBaqa al-GharbiyyeIsrael
  2. 2.The Center for Academic StudiesOr YehudaIsrael

Personalised recommendations