Skip to main content

The Importance of Tradition and Culture: Context-Based Paradigms of Obligation

  • 140 Accesses

Abstract

In this chapter, Brown considers the Context-based Approach to Political Obligation. Brown focuses on how the Context-based Approach has articulated itself as the main opposition to the Rational Approach’s emergence as the predominant paradigm for understanding Political Obligation, in particular rejecting the assumption that the citizen is primarily a ‘rational individual’ and instead highlighting the importance of context informed notions of Political Obligation. Brown acknowledges shared ground with the Context-based Approach, in particular the ontological assumption of a historically embedded citizen, but stresses a fundamental difference between this approach and his own lies in the latter’s move to use context as a paradigm for understanding Political Obligation and his own desire to appreciate how arguments concerning Political Obligation are existentially encountered within context-bound situations. This approach is further discussed in regard to dominant theories, such as conservatism and communitarianism, as well as in relation to the particular context of contemporary China.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
eBook
USD   49.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD   64.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info
Hardcover Book
USD   64.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Learn about institutional subscriptions

References

  • Baron, I. (2018). How to Save Politics in a Post-truth Era. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Bell, D. (1997). A Communitarian Critique of Authoritarianism: The Case of Singapore. Political Theory, 25(1), 6–32.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Bell, D. (2008). China’s New Confucianism: Politics and Everyday Life in a Changing Society. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bell, D. (2015). The China Model: Political Meritocracy and the Limits of Democracy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Burke, E. (2004). Reflections on the Revolution in France, and on the Proceedings in Certain Societies in London Relative to That Event. London: Penguin.

    Google Scholar 

  • Chan, J. (2013). On the Legitimacy of Confucian Constitutionalism. In Q. Jiang; D. Bell D & R. Fan (Eds.), A Confucian Constitutional Order: How China’s Ancient Past Can Shape Its Political Future. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Egoumenides, M. (2014). Philosophical Anarchism and Political Obligation. London: Bloomsbury.

    Google Scholar 

  • Etzioni, A. (1996). The New Golden Rule, Community and Morality in a Democratic Society. New York: Basic Books.

    Google Scholar 

  • Fox, R. A. (1997). Confucian and Communitarian Responses to Liberal Democracy. The Review of Politics, 59(3), 561–592.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Fröhlich, T. (2017). Tang Junyi: Confucian Philosophy and the Challenge of Modernity. Brill (Published Open Access Online).

    Google Scholar 

  • Gilbert, M. (2006). A Theory of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Holbig, H., & Gilley, B. (2010). Reclaiming Legitimacy in China. Politics and Policy, 38(3), 395–422.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Horton, J. (2007). In Defence of Associative of Political Obligations: Part Two. Political Studies, 55, 1–19.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Horton, J. (2010). Political Obligation. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Horton, J., & Windeknecht, R. G. (2014). Is There a Distinctively Associative Account of Political Obligation? Political Studies, 63, 903–918.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hu, W. (2007). On Confucian Communitarianism. Frontiers of Philosophy in China, 2(4), 475–487.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hume, D. (1985). A Treatise of Human Nature (E. Mossner, Ed.). London: Penguin Classics.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hume, D. (2008). Selected Essays (S. Copley & A. Edgar, Eds.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jiang, Q. (2013). A Confucian Constitutional Order: How China’s Ancient Past Can Shape Its Political Future (D. Bell & R. Fan, Eds.). Princeton: Princeton University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kim, S. (2014). Confucian Democracy in East Asia: Theory and Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Knowles, D. (2010). Political Obligation: A Critical Introduction. Abingdon: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Moore, G. (2018). Review—Cheng Li: Chinese Politics in the Xi Jinping Era, Reassessing Collective Leadership. Journal of Chinese Political Science (Published Online).

    Google Scholar 

  • MacIntyre, A. (2007). After Virtue, A Study in Moral Theory. London: Duckworth.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mulhall, S., & Swift, A. (1996). Liberals and Communitarians. Oxford: Blackwell.

    Google Scholar 

  • Oakeshott, M. (1967). Rationalism in Politics and Other Essays. London: The Trinity Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Penny B. (2015). Classic Xi Jinping: On Acquiring Moral Character. In G. Barmé, L. Jaivin, & J. Goldkorn (Eds.), Shared Destiny. Anu Press (Published Online Open Access).

    Google Scholar 

  • Renzo, M. (2012). Associative Responsibilities and Political Obligation. The Philosophical Quarterly, 62(246), 106–127.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Sandel, M. (1998). Liberalism and the Limits of Justice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Scruton, R. (2002). The Meaning of Conservatism. South Bend: St Augustine’s Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Simmons, A. J. (1996). Associative Political Obligations. Ethics, 106(2), 247–273.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Tan, S. (2012). The Pragmatic Confucian Approach to Tradition in Modernizing China. History and Theory, 51(4), 23–44.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Taylor, C. (2003). The Ethics of Authenticity. London: Harvard University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Taylor, C. (2011). The Politics of Recognition. In A. Gutmann (Ed.), Multiculturalism. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Vernon, R. (2007). Obligation by Association? A Reply to John Horton. Political Studies, 55, 865–879.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Vossen, B. V. D. (2011a). Associative Political Obligations. Philosophy Compass, 6(7), 477–487.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Vossen, B. V. D. (2011b). Associative Political Obligations: Their Potential. Philosophy Compass, 6(7), 488–496.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wallach, J. (1987). Liberals, Communitarians, and the Task If Political Theory. Political Theory, 15(4), 581–611.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Walzer, M. (1983). Spheres of Justice, A Defence of Pluralism and Equality. New York: Basic Book.

    Google Scholar 

  • Xi, Jinping. (2014a). Speech in Commemoration of the 2,565th Anniversary of Confucius’ Birth. Reproduced by China-US Focus. Available at http://library.chinausfocus.com/article-1534.html.

  • Xi, Jinping. (2014b). The Governance of China Volume I. Beijing: Foreign Language Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Xi, Jinping. (2017a). The Governance of China Volume II. Beijing: Foreign Language Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Xi, Jinping. (2017b). Secure a Decisive Victory in Building a Moderately Prosperous Society in All Respects and Strive for the Great Success of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era. Report Delivered to the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China on 18 October 2017, full transcript translated and reported in The China Daily. Available at http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/19thcpcnationalcongress/2017-11/04/content_34115212.htm. Last accessed 13 March 2018, 11:07 A.M.

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Ruairidh J. Brown .

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2019 The Author(s)

About this chapter

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Brown, R.J. (2019). The Importance of Tradition and Culture: Context-Based Paradigms of Obligation. In: Political Encounters. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-17340-1_3

Download citation

Publish with us

Policies and ethics