Skip to main content

Is the Employees’ Performance Appraisal Process Different in the Large Romanian Companies? An Empirical Research

Part of the Springer Proceedings in Business and Economics book series (SPBE)


Knowing more in depth the process of employees’ performance process is important especially because it enables the identification of those characteristics that should be treated with an increased interest in order to improve organizational performance and finally the employees’ motivation and productivity.

The aim of the study is to highlight the key characteristics of the employee performance appraisal process in the Romanian companies using an empirical research based on a sample of 301 employees from micro-enterprises (21.9%), small enterprises (32.9%), medium enterprises (23.6%) and large companies (21.6%). The main research question of the study is: there are some significant differences regarding the employees’ performance evaluation according to the company size? In order to respond to this question, descriptive statistics and non-parametric tests (Kruskal-Wallis test) were used.

The empirical results revealed that in most companies the evaluation of the employees’ performance is done once per year, the main elements of interest being the quality of work and the knowledge level of the job.

The majority of employees from all kind of companies declared that as a result of the assessments made in the last 3 years, their salary has increased, but the employees from large companies tend to be more satisfied with the results of the evaluations. Asked if they have been led to increase their professional training, only employees from large companies declared that they have participated in internal courses.


  • Employees’ performance
  • Romanian companies
  • Kruskal-Wallis test

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-17215-2_4
  • Chapter length: 19 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
USD   109.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-17215-2
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   139.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   179.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Fig. 4.1
Fig. 4.2
Fig. 4.3
Fig. 4.4
Fig. 4.5
Fig. 4.6
Fig. 4.7
Fig. 4.8
Fig. 4.9
Fig. 4.10
Fig. 4.11
Fig. 4.12
Fig. 4.13
Fig. 4.14
Fig. 4.15
Fig. 4.16
Fig. 4.17
Fig. 4.18
Fig. 4.19
Fig. 4.20


  • Bretz RD, Milkovich GT, Read W. The current state of performance appraisal research and practice: concerns, directions, and implications. J Manag. 1992;18(2):1992.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bucurean M, Costin MA. Organizational stress and its impact on work performance. Ann Fac Econ Univ Oradea Fac Econ. 2011;1(special):333–7.

    Google Scholar 

  • Decotiis T, Petit A. The performance appraisal process: a model and some testable propositions. Acad Manag Rev. 1978;3(3):635–46.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Fetcher F. Performance appraisal and management: the developing research agenda. J Occup Organ Psychol. 2001;74(4):473–87.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Grigore A, Bâgu C, Radu C, Cătăneţ A. Competitiveness and performance on the cosmetics market. Ann Fac Econ. 2011;1(2):681–6.

    Google Scholar 

  • Keeping LM, Levy PE. Performance appraisal reactions: measurement, modeling, and method bias. J Appl Psychol. 2000;85(5):708–23.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Kuvaas K. Performance appraisal satisfaction and employee outcomes: mediating and moderating roles of work motivation. Int J Hum Resour Manag. 2006;17(3):504–22.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Kotey B, Slade P. Formal human resource management practices in small growing firms. J Small Bus Manag. 2005;43(1):16–40.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Levy PE, Williams JR. The social context of performance appraisal: a review and framework for the future. J Manag. 2004;30(6):881–905.

    Google Scholar 

  • MacMahon J, Murphy E. Managerial effectiveness in small enterprises: implications for HRD. J Eur Ind Train. 1999;23(1):25–35.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Matei M, Abrudan M-M. Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. An investigation of performance correlation on students. Ann Univ Oradea Econ Sci Ser. 2011;20(1):671–7. 7p. 5 Charts, 1 Graph

    Google Scholar 

  • Murphy KR, Cleveland JN. Human resource management series. Performance appraisal: an organizational perspective. Needham Heights: Allyn & Bacon; 1991.

    Google Scholar 

  • Murphy KR, Cleveland JN. Understanding performance appraisal: social, organizational and goal-based perspectives. Thousand Oaks: Sage; 1995.

    Google Scholar 

  • Pearce JL, Porter LW. Employee responses to formal performance appraisal feedback. J Appl Psychol. 1986;71:211–8.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Pichler S, Beenen G, Wood S. Feedback frequency and appraisal reactions: a meta-analytic test of moderators. Int J Hum Resour Manag. 2018;0:1–26.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Popescu D, Chivu I, Ciocârlan-Chitucea A, Popescu DO. Human resources motivation - a challenge for SMES economic performances. In: Conference proceedings - European integration-new challenges. 7th ed; 2011. p. 1715–20.

    Google Scholar 

  • Savlovschi LI, Robu NR. General considerations regarding the evaluation of performances of employees in a SME. Ann Fac Econ Univ Oradea Fac Econ. 2011;1(2):719–22.

    Google Scholar 

  • Selvarajan TT, Claninger PA. Can performance appraisals motivate employees to improve performance? A Mexican study. Int J Hum Resour Manag. 2012;23(15):3036–84.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Wiese DS, Buckley MR. The evolution of the performance appraisal process. J Manag Hist. 1998;4(3):233–49.

    Google Scholar 

  • Woehr DJ, Huffcutt AI. Rater training for performance appraisal: a quantitative review. J Occup Organ Psychol. 1994;67(3):189–205.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Viorel Lefter .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2019 Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this paper

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this paper

Lefter, V., Davidescu, A.A.M., Beiu, A. (2019). Is the Employees’ Performance Appraisal Process Different in the Large Romanian Companies? An Empirical Research. In: Văduva, S., Fotea, I., Văduva, L., Wilt, R. (eds) Applied Ethics for Entrepreneurial Success: Recommendations for the Developing World. GSMAC 2018. Springer Proceedings in Business and Economics. Springer, Cham.

Download citation