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Influence of the Most Important Elements of the Prosthesis on Biomechanics of the Human Gait After Amputation of the Lower Limb

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Amputation is a medical procedure which involves removing a part of the human body and replacing it with a prosthesis. Amputation at the thigh level requires the use of an artificial knee joint, which is one of the most crucial elements of the prosthesis. This study aimed to examine and compare the biomechanics of walking of two persons after unilateral amputation of the lower limb at the thigh level. Both patients were provided with the same type of prosthetic foot. The difference was in the knee joint applied in the prosthesis. It is initially assumed that the kind of knee joint will have a significant impact on the gait quality of amputees. A biomechanical model created by the authors was used to calculate the gait determinants. The developed model includes the key joints for the human walk description – the ankle, knee and hip joints as well as the other anthropometric points. Measurements were done using the motion capture system. Each of the patients made 100 tests of their gait. For all considered parameters for single examined person summary graphs were created for all tests. The data coming from the literature were used as the reference data in this study. The obtained results show that the quality of the disease is not only dependent on the type of knee joint used. An essential thing is also a proper fitting of the prosthetic hopper, which significantly affects the individual gait determinants.


  • Biomechanics analysis
  • Motion capture system
  • Determinants of the human gait
  • Amputation of the lower limb

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-16943-5_30
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The results are based on research conducted at the Institute of Applied Mechanics at the Poznan University of Technology on the BTS Smart motion capture system as a part of the Enforce Medical Technologies project financed by Wielkopolska Regional Programme European Funds. The work was also supported by the grant 02/21/DSPB/3513 from the Ministry of Science and Higher Education, Poland.

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Correspondence to Tomasz Walczak .

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Gramala, A., Otworowski, J., Walczak, T., Grabski, J.K., Pogorzała, A.M. (2019). Influence of the Most Important Elements of the Prosthesis on Biomechanics of the Human Gait After Amputation of the Lower Limb. In: Gapiński, B., Szostak, M., Ivanov, V. (eds) Advances in Manufacturing II. MANUFACTURING 2019. Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering. Springer, Cham.

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