Discrimination and Job Reservation
In this chapter, Borooah focuses on the reservation of jobs in government and the public sector which is a corollary of the Indian government’s constitutionally mandated duty to favour persons from the “reserved” categories (the Scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes, and the Other Backward Classes) at the expense of persons from the “non-reserved” or “general” categories, in public sector jobs. Given that India’s experiment with affirmative action has been emulated in other countries (Malaysia, Nigeria, Sri Lanka), the purpose of this chapter is to investigate—using unit record data from the latest available National Sample Survey (NSS) round (68th), and an earlier round (55th) pertaining to a decade prior, of Employment—the extent to which jobs reservation has benefited persons from the “reserved categories” by offering them a greater share of regular salaried and wage employment than they might have obtained in its absence.
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