Rawls and others focus on justice as the virtue of a society’s distributional institutions. Alternatively, scholars express justice as principle or criterion. Exceptions are Plato and the Platonic Islamic scholars who thought of a just society as an enlightened collectivity ruled by philosopher-kings. Only two systems of thought conceive justice as a system—Zarathustra, whose system requires that a just social system be anchored on just governance; and Islam, situating a just system explicitly around the axis of just governance. The Qur’an’s basis for justice is that societies do not need a separate theory of justice, but that compliance with rules of behavior handed down in the Qur’an assures the emergence of justice as a natural outcome of the practice of a rule-compliant society.
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Askari, H., Mirakhor, A. (2020). Introduction and Summary of the Conception of Justice in Islam. In: Conceptions of Justice from Islam to the Present. Political Economy of Islam. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-16084-5_1
Publisher Name: Palgrave Macmillan, Cham
Print ISBN: 978-3-030-16083-8
Online ISBN: 978-3-030-16084-5