Comm4Dev: Communication Infrastructure for Development
One of the main reasons for the still observed digital divide is the lack of communication infrastructure in regions away from urban centres. As these regions are normally spread over long distances and have small populations (i.e., prospective users), operators see little business opportunities and refrain from large investments to reach these areas. Upon this scenario, our Communication Infrastructure for Development (Comm4Dev) solution was built to offer a low-cost backhaul infrastructure, providing these underserved communities with broadband access. As to allow a wider range of application scenarios (e.g., precision agriculture, industrial production support), our Comm4Dev solution has been updated not only to further promote digital inclusion, but also to allow the development of communities that are in remote areas. To illustrate the potential of our Comm4Dev solution, we validated it in an indoor hydroponic farming testbed.
KeywordsBroadband access Low-cost backhaul infrastructure Communication for development Digital inclusion
The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support obtained from North Portugal Region Operational Programme (NORTE 2020), Portugal 2020 and the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) from European Union through the project Symbiotic technology for societal efficiency gains: Deus ex Machina (DEM), NORTE-01-0145-FEDER-000026, and project Collective Transfer FhP, NORTE-01-0246-FEDER-000029.
- 1.ITU: ICTs, LDCs and the SDGs-achieving universal and affordable Internet in the least developed countries. International Telecommunication Union, Geneva (2018)Google Scholar
- 2.Pereira, A., Madureira, P., Resende, C., Almeida, P., Moreira, W.: SV4D architecture: building sustainable villages for developing countries. In: Proceedings of the 9th EAI International Conference on e‐Infrastructure and e‐Services for Developing Countries (AFRICOMM 2017) (2017)Google Scholar
- 3.Bluetooth SIG: Bluetooth Core Specification v5.0. https://www.bluetooth.com/specifications/bluetooth-core-specification. Accessed 19 June 2018
- 4.Heydon, R.: Bluetooth Low Energy: The Developer’s Handbook. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River (2013)Google Scholar
- 5.Grand View Research, Inc.: Connected Retail Market Analysis by Solution (Hardware, Software), Technology (ZigBee, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth LE, Near-Field Communication), Service (Managed Services, Professional Services, Remote Device Management Service) and Segment Forecasts to 2022, Grand View Research, Inc. (2016)Google Scholar
- 6.Bluetooth SIG: Mesh Networking Specifications. https://www.bluetooth.com/specifications/mesh-specifications. Accessed 19 June 2018
- 7.Bluetooth SIG: Radio Versions. https://www.bluetooth.com/bluetooth-technology/radio-versions. Accessed 19 June 2018
- 8.Fraunhofer Portugal: Pandlets – Personal Area Dots: Letting Everything Sense. http://www.fraunhofer.pt/en/fraunhofer_aicos/projects/internal_research/pandlets.html. Accessed 19 June 2018
- 9.Nordic Semiconductor Nordic Thingy:52 - IoT Sensor Kit. https://www.nordicsemi.com/eng/Products/Nordic-Thingy-52. Accessed 19 June 2018