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Cervical Cancer Prevention

  • Katherine LaVigne
  • Mario M. LeitaoJrEmail author
Chapter
  • 368 Downloads

Abstract

Cervical cancer is the most common gynecologic malignancy worldwide, accounting for about 530,000 new cases each year. Most of these cases (85%) occur in the developing world and worldwide it is the third most common malignancy and the fourth leading cause of cancer death in women (Jemal A et al. CA Cancer J Clin 61:69–90, 2011; Jemal A et al. J Natl Cancer Inst 2013). By contrast, in the United States of America (USA) cervical cancer has decreased dramatically since the introduction of cytologic screening (Pap smear), and is now a relatively infrequent neoplasm, especially among well-screened majority populations with access to healthcare services. In the USA, an individual woman’s lifetime risk of developing cervical cancer is estimated to be 1 in 147. In 2017, it is estimated that there were approximately 12,820 new cases of cervical cancer and 4210 deaths in the USA (Siegel RL et al. CA Cancer J Clin 67:7–30, 2017).

Keywords

Cervical cancer screening Cervical cancer prevention HPV HPV vaccine HPV testing Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Gynecology Service, Department of SurgeryMemorial Sloan Kettering Cancer CenterNew YorkUSA

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