Introduction to Cancer Prevention

  • David S. AlbertsEmail author
  • Lisa M. Hess


The goals of cancer prevention are to reduce the incidence, morbidity, and mortality due to cancer through the identification and elimination of precancerous lesions or the early detection of minimally invasive cancers. Globally, there is a great deal of heterogeneity between countries regarding cancer risk, incidence, and mortality. Prostate cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer among men in both North and South America and in Western Europe, whereas lung cancer is the most common among men in Eastern Europe (Torre et al. 2015). Among women, breast cancer is the most frequent diagnosis in North America and Europe, but in China and North Korea lung cancer is more common. While declining incidence and mortality rates have been observed across all cancers in the United States (Siegel et al. 2018), rates are rising in many low- to middle-income countries around the world (Torre et al. 2015).


Statistics Incidence Mortality Cancer risk Research Primary prevention Secondary prevention Tertiary prevention Clinical trials 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of MedicineUniversity of Arizona Cancer CenterTucsonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologySchools of Medicine and Public Health, Indiana UniversityIndianapolisUSA

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