Capture of CO2 from Concentrated Sources and the Atmosphere

  • Xiaoxing Wang
  • Chunshan SongEmail author


As the rapid rise of the atmospheric CO2 concentration has aroused increasing concern worldwide on the global climate change, the research activities in CO2 capture both from the concentrated CO2 sources and the atmosphere have grown significantly. The amine based solid sorbents exhibited great promise in the near-future application for CO2 capture owing to their advantages including high CO2 capacity even at extremely low CO2 concentration (e.g., 400 ppm), excellent CO2 sorption selectivity, no need for moisture pre-removal (moisture even shows promotion effect), lower energy consumption, less corrosion and easy handling compared to liquid amine. Among them, PEI-based sorbents have been considered as one of most promising candidates and have been extensively studied. Great progress has been made in the past two decades. Hence, in this review, we summarize the recent advances with supported PEI sorbents for CO2 capture, with an emphasis on (1) sorbent material development including the effects of support and polymer structure; (2) CO2 sorption mechanism; (3) CO2 sorption kinetics, (4) sorbent deactivation, and (5) practical implementation of PEI-based sorbent materials. At last, the remaining problems and challenges that need to be addressed to improve the competitiveness of sorbent-based capture technologies are discussed. Through the current review, we expect it will not only offer a summary on the recent progress on the supported PEI sorbents, but also provide possible links between fundamental studies and practical applications.



The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial supports by the US Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory and the Pennsylvania State University on various portions of the CO2 research. We also acknowledge the RTI International for the joint DOE project on pilot plant demonstration of the CO2 MBS.


  1. 1.
    Climate change 2014 synthesis report summary for policymakers. IPCC.
  2. 2.
    Seneviratne SI, Donat MG, Pitman AJ, Knutti R, Wilby RL (2016) Allowable CO2 emissions based on regional and impact-related climate targets. Nature 529:477PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Smith MR, Myers SS (2018) Impact of anthropogenic CO2 emissions on global human nutrition. Nat Clim Change 8:834–839Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Keith DW (2009) Why capture CO2 from the atmosphere? Science 325:1654–1655PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Song CS (2006) Global challenges and strategies for control, conversion and utilization of CO2 for sustainable development involving energy, catalysis, adsorption and chemical processing. Catal Today 115:2–32Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lackner KS (2003) A guide to CO2 sequestration. Science 300:1677–1678PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lackner KS, Brennan S, Matter JM, Park A-HA, Wright A, van der Zwaan B (2012) The urgency of the development of CO2 capture from ambient air. Proc Natl Acad Sci 109:13156–13162PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sanz-Pérez ES, Murdock CR, Didas SA, Jones CW (2016) Direct capture of CO2 from ambient air. Chem Rev 116:11840–11876PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (2018) Negative emissions technologies and reliable sequestration: a research agenda. The National Academies Press, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    IEA (2010) Energy technology perspectives: scenarios & strategies to 2050. In: I.E.A. OECD/IEA, ParisGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    OECD (2012) OECD environmental outlook to 2050Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    USEPA (ed) (2016) Inventory of U.S. greenhouse gas emissions and sinks: 1990–2014Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Rochelle GT (2009) Amine scrubbing for CO2 capture. Science 325:1652–1654PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Rochelle GT (2016) Conventional amine scrubbing for CO2 capture. In: Feron PHM (ed) Absorption-based post-combustion capture of carbon dioxide. Woodhead Publishing, pp 35–67Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Tontiwachwuthikul P, Idem R (2013) Recent progress and new developments in post-combustion carbon-capture technology with reactive solvents, pp 2–8Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Darunte LA, Walton KS, Sholl DS, Jones CW (2016) CO2 capture via adsorption in amine-functionalized sorbents. Curr Opin Chem Eng 12:82–90Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Haszeldine RS (2009) Carbon capture and storage: how green can black be? Science 325:1647–1652PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Chu S (2009) Carbon capture and sequestration. Science 325:1599PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Plaza MG, Pevida C, Arenillas A, Rubiera F, Pis JJ (2007) CO2 capture by adsorption with nitrogen enriched carbons. Fuel 86:2204–2212Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Aaron D, Tsouris C (2005) Separation of CO2 from flue gas: a review. Sep Sci Technol 40:321–348Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ding Y, Alpay E (2000) Equilibria and kinetics of CO2 adsorption on hydrotalcite adsorbent. Chem Eng Sci 55:3461–3474Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Yong Z, Mata V, Rodriguez AE (2001) Adsorption of carbon dioxide onto hydrotalcite-like compounds (HTlcs) at high temperatures. Ind Eng Chem Res 40:204–209Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Iyer MV, Gupta H, Sakadjian BB, Fan LS (2004) Multicyclic study on the simultaneous carbonation and sulfation of high-reactivity CaO. Ind Eng Chem Res 43:3939–3947Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Zelenak V, Badanicova M, Halamova D, Cejka J, Zukal A, Murafa N, Goerigk G (2008) Amine-modified ordered mesoporous silica: effect of pore size on carbon dioxide capture. Chem Eng J 144:336–342Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Son WJ, Choi JS, Ahn WS (2008) Adsorptive removal of carbon dioxide using polyethyleneimine-loaded mesoporous silica materials. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 113:31–40Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Siriwardane RV, Shen MS, Fisher EP (2003) Adsorption of CO2, N2, and O2 on natural zeolites. Energy Fuels 17:571–576Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Takamura Y, Narita S, Aoki J, Hironaka S, Uchida S (2001) Evaluation of dual-bed pressure swing adsorption for CO2 recovery from boiler exhaust gas. Sep Purif Technol 24:519–528Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Hiyoshi N, Yogo K, Yashima T (2005) Adsorption characteristics of carbon dioxide on organically functionalized SBA-15. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 84:357–365Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Gray ML, Soong Y, Champagne KJ, Pennline H, Baltrus JP, Stevens RW, Khatri R, Chuang SSC, Filburn T (2005) Improved immobilized carbon dioxide capture sorbents. Fuel Process Technol 86:1449–1455Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Huang LL, Zhang LZ, Shao Q, Lu LH, Lu XH, Jiang SY, Shen WF (2007) Simulations of binary mixture adsorption of carbon dioxide and methane in carbon nanotubes: temperature, pressure, and pore size effects. J Phys Chem C 111:11912–11920Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Razavi SS, Hashemianzadeh SM, Karimi H (2011) Modeling the adsorptive selectivity of carbon nanotubes for effective separation of CO2/N2 mixtures. J Mol Model 17:1163–1172PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Zhang ZJ, Zhao YG, Gong QH, Li Z, Li J (2013) MOFs for CO2 capture and separation from flue gas mixtures: the effect of multifunctional sites on their adsorption capacity and selectivity. Chem Commun 49:653–661Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Torrisi A, Bell RG, Mellot-Draznieks C (2010) Functionalized MOFs for enhanced CO2 capture. Cryst Growth Des 10:2839–2841Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Gonzalez-Zamora E, Ibrra IA (2017) CO2 capture under humid conditions in metal–organic frameworks. Mater Chem Front 1:1471–1484Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Yu CH, Huang CH, Tan CS (2012) A review of CO2 capture by absorption and adsorption. Aerosol Air Qual Res 12:745–769Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Hicks JC, Drese JH, Fauth DJ, Gray ML, Qi GG, Jones CW (2008) Designing adsorbents for CO2 capture from flue gas-hyperbranched aminosilicas capable, of capturing CO2 reversibly. J Am Chem Soc 130:2902–2903PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Rosenholm JM, Linden M (2007) Wet-chemical analysis of surface concentration of accessible groups on different amino-functionalized mesoporous SBA-15 silicas. Chem Mat 19:5023–5034Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Rosenholm JM, Penninkangas A, Linden M (2006) Amino-functionalization of large-pore mesoscopically ordered silica by a one-step hyperbranching polymerization of a surface-grown polyethyleneimine. Chem Commun 37:3909–3911Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Tsuda T, Fujiwara T (1992) Polyethyleneimine and macrocyclic polyamine silica-gels acting as carbon-dioxide absorbents. J Chem Soc Chem Commun 22:1659–1661Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Tsuda T, Fujiwara T, Taketani Y, Saegusa T (1992) Amino silica-gels acting as a carbon-dioxide absorbent. Chem Lett 21:2161–2164Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Kumar P, Guliants VV (2010) Periodic mesoporous organic-inorganic hybrid materials: applications in membrane separations and adsorption. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 132:1–14Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Belmabkhout Y, Sayari A (2009) Effect of pore expansion and amine functionalization of mesoporous silica on CO2 adsorption over a wide range of conditions. Adsorpt J Int Adsorpt Soc 15:318–328Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Zelenak V, Halamova D, Gaberova L, Bloch E, Llewellyn P (2008) Amine-modified SBA-12 mesoporous silica for carbon dioxide capture: effect of amine basicity on sorption properties. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 116:358–364Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Huang HY, Yang RT, Chinn D, Munson CL (2003) Amine-grafted MCM-48 and silica xerogel as superior sorbents for acidic gas removal from natural gas. Ind Eng Chem Res 42:2427–2433Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Hiyoshi N, Yogo K, Yashima T (2004) Adsorption of carbon dioxide on amine modified SBA-15 in the presence of water vapor. Chem Lett 33:510–511Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Wang YM, Wu ZY, Shi LY, Zhu JH (2005) Rapid functionalization of mesoporous materials: directly dispersing metal oxides into as-prepared SBA-15 occluded with template. Adv Mater 17:323–327Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Yue MB, Chun Y, Cao Y, Dong X, Zhu JH (2006) CO2 capture by as-prepared SBA-15 with an occluded organic template. Adv Funct Mater 16:1717–1722Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Qi GG, Fu LL, Choi BH, Giannelis EP (2012) Efficient CO2 sorbents based on silica foam with ultra-large mesopores. Energy Environ Sci 5:7368–7375Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Liang Z, Fadhel B, Schneider CJ, Chaffee AL (2008) Stepwise growth of melamine-based dendrimers into mesopores and their CO2 adsorption properties. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 111:536–543Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Xu XC, Song CS, Andresen JM, Miller BG, Scaroni AW (2003) Preparation and characterization of novel CO2 “molecular basket” adsorbents based on polymer-modified mesoporous molecular sieve MCM-41. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 62:29–45Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Xu XC, Song CS, Miller BG, Scaroni AW (2005) Influence of moisture on CO2 separation from gas mixture by a nanoporous adsorbent based on polyethylenimine-modified molecular sieve MCM-41. Ind Eng Chem Res 44:8113–8119Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Ma XL, Wang XX, Song CS (2009) “Molecular basket” sorbents for separation of CO2 and H2S from various gas streams. J Am Chem Soc 131:5777–5783PubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Zhang ZH, Ma XL, Wang DX, Song CS, Wang YG (2012) Development of silica-gel-supported polyethylenimine sorbents for CO2 capture from flue gas. AIChE J 58:2495–2502Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Yang SB, Zhan L, Xu XY, Wang YL, Ling LC, Feng XL (2013) Graphene-based porous silica sheets impregnated with polyethyleneimine for superior CO2 capture. Adv Mater 25:2130–2134PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Tanthana J, Chuang SSC (2010) In situ infrared study of the role of PEG in stabilizing silica-supported amines for CO2 capture. ChemSusChem 3:957–964PubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Liu YM, Shi JJ, Chen J, Ye Q, Pan H, Shao ZH, Shi Y (2010) Dynamic performance of CO2 adsorption with tetraethylenepentamine-loaded KIT-6. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 134:16–21Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Wang DX, Sentorun-Shalaby C, Ma XL, Song CS (2011) High-capacity and low-cost carbon-based “molecular basket” sorbent for CO2 capture from flue gas. Energy Fuels 25:456–458Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Chen C, Son WJ, You KS, Ahn JW, Ahn WS (2010) Carbon dioxide capture using amine-impregnated HMS having textural mesoporosity. Chem Eng J 161:46–52Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Xu XC, Song CS, Andresen JM, Miller BG, Scaroni AW (2002) Novel polyethylenimine-modified mesoporous molecular sieve of MCM-41 type as high-capacity adsorbent for CO2 capture. Energy Fuels 16:1463–1469Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Wang XX, Ma XL, Song CS, Locke DR, Siefert S, Winans RE, Mollmer J, Lange M, Moller A, Glaser R (2013) Molecular basket sorbents polyethylenimine-SBA-15 for CO2 capture from flue gas: characterization and sorption properties. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 169:103–111Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Choi S, Drese JH, Jones CW (2009) Adsorbent materials for carbon dioxide capture from large anthropogenic point sources. ChemSusChem 2:796–854PubMedGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    D’Alessandro DM, Smit B, Long JR (2010) Carbon dioxide capture: prospects for new materials. Angew Chem Int Ed 49:6058–6082Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Lin YC, Kong CL, Chen L (2016) Amine-functionalized metal-organic frameworks: structure, synthesis and applications. RSC Adv 6:32598–32614Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    Didas SA, Choi S, Chaikittisilp W, Jones CW (2015) Amine-oxide hybrid materials for CO2 capture from ambient air. Acc Chem Res 48:2680–2687PubMedGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Dutcher B, Fan MH, Russell AG (2015) Amine-based CO2 capture technology development from the beginning of 2013—a review. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 7:2137–2148PubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Chen C, Kim J, Ahn WS (2014) CO2 capture by amine-functionalized nanoporous materials: a review. Korean J Chem Eng 31:1919–1934Google Scholar
  67. 67.
    Gargiulo N, Pepe F, Caputo D (2014) CO2 adsorption by functionalized nanoporous materials: a review. J Nanosci Nanotechnol 14:1811–1822PubMedGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Olajire AA (2017) Synthesis of bare and functionalized porous adsorbent materials for CO2 capture. Greenh Gas 7:399–459Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    Yue MB, Sun LB, Cao Y, Wang Y, Wang ZJ, Zhu JH (2008) Efficient CO2 capturer derived from As-synthesized MCM-41 modified with amine. Chem Eur J 14:3442–3451PubMedGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Goeppert A, Czaun M, May RB, Prakash GKS, Olah GA, Narayanan SR (2011) Carbon dioxide capture from the air using a polyamine based regenerable solid adsorbent. J Am Chem Soc 133:20164–20167PubMedGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Heydari-Gorji A, Belmabkhout Y, Sayari A (2011) Polyethylenimine-impregnated mesoporous silica: effect of amine loading and surface alkyl chains on CO2 adsorption. Langmuir 27:12411–12416PubMedGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Cogswell CF, Jiang H, Ramberger J, Accetta D, Willey RJ, Choi S (2015) Effect of pore structure on CO2 adsorption characteristics of aminopolymer impregnated MCM-36. Langmuir 31:4534–4541PubMedGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Gargiulo N, Peluso A, Aprea P, Pepe F, Caputo D (2014) CO2 adsorption on polyethylenimine-functionalized SBA-15 mesoporous silica: isotherms and modeling. J Chem Eng Data 59:896–902Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    Heydari-Gorji A, Yang Y, Sayari A (2011) Effect of the pore length on CO2 adsorption over amine-modified mesoporous silicas. Energy Fuels 25:4206–4210Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    Vilarrasa-García E, Cecilia J, Moya E, Cavalcante C, Azevedo D, Rodríguez-Castellón E (2015) “Low cost” pore expanded SBA-15 functionalized with amine groups applied to CO2 adsorption. Materials 8:2495PubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Sanz R, Calleja G, Arencibia A, Sanz-Pérez ES (2010) CO2 adsorption on branched polyethyleneimine-impregnated mesoporous silica SBA-15. Appl Surf Sci 256:5323–5328Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    Kishor R, Ghoshal AK (2016) High molecular weight polyethyleneimine functionalized three dimensional mesoporous silica for regenerable CO2 separation. Chem Eng J 300:236–244Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    Wang DX, Wang XX, Ma XL, Fillerup E, Song CS (2014) Three-dimensional molecular basket sorbents for CO2 capture: Effects of pore structure of supports and loading level of polyethylenimine. Catal Today 233:100–107Google Scholar
  79. 79.
    Wang XX, Song CS, Gaffney AM, Song RZ (2014) New molecular basket sorbents for CO2 capture based on mesoporous sponge-like TUD-1. Catal Today 238:95–102Google Scholar
  80. 80.
    Vilarrasa-Garcia E, Moya EMO, Cecilia JA, Cavalcante CL, Jiménez-Jiménez J, Azevedo DCS, Rodríguez-Castellón E (2015) CO2 adsorption on amine modified mesoporous silicas: effect of the progressive disorder of the honeycomb arrangement. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 209:172–183Google Scholar
  81. 81.
    Khader MM, Al-Marri MJ, Ali S, Qi G, Giannelis EP (2015) Adsorption of CO2 on polyethyleneimine 10 k-mesoporous silica sorbent: XPS and TGA studies. Am J Anal Chem 6:11Google Scholar
  82. 82.
    Chen C, Yang S-T, Ahn W-S, Ryoo R (2009) Amine-impregnated silica monolith with a hierarchical pore structure: enhancement of CO2 capture capacity. Chem. Commun. 24:3627–3629Google Scholar
  83. 83.
    Han Y, Hwang G, Kim H, Haznedaroglu BZ, Lee B (2015) Amine-impregnated millimeter-sized spherical silica foams with hierarchical mesoporous–macroporous structure for CO2 capture. Chem Eng J 259:653–662Google Scholar
  84. 84.
    Goeppert A, Meth S, Prakash GKS, Olah GA (2010) Nanostructured silica as a support for regenerable high-capacity organoamine-based CO2 sorbents. Energy Environ Sci 3:1949–1960Google Scholar
  85. 85.
    Ebner AD, Gray ML, Chisholm NG, Black QT, Mumford DD, Nicholson MA, Ritter JA (2011) Suitability of a solid amine sorbent for CO2 capture by pressure swing adsorption. Ind Eng Chem Res 50:5634–5641Google Scholar
  86. 86.
    Monazam ER, Shadle LJ, Miller DC, Pennline HW, Fauth DJ, Hoffman JS, Gray ML (2013) Equilibrium and kinetics analysis of carbon dioxide capture using immobilized amine on a mesoporous silica. AIChE J 59:923–935Google Scholar
  87. 87.
    Li K, Jiang J, Tian S, Yan F, Chen X (2015) Polyethyleneimine–nano silica composites: a low-cost and promising adsorbent for CO2 capture. J Mater Chem A 3:2166–2175Google Scholar
  88. 88.
    Li K, Jiang J, Yan F, Tian S, Chen X (2014) The influence of polyethyleneimine type and molecular weight on the CO2 capture performance of PEI-nano silica adsorbents. Appl Energy 136:750–755Google Scholar
  89. 89.
    Minju N, Abhilash P, Nair BN, Mohamed AP, Ananthakumar S (2015) Amine impregnated porous silica gel sorbents synthesized from water–glass precursors for CO2 capturing. Chem Eng J 269:335–342Google Scholar
  90. 90.
    Zhang L, Zhan N, Jin Q, Liu H, Hu J (2016) Impregnation of polyethylenimine in mesoporous multilamellar silica vesicles for CO2 capture: a kinetic study. Ind Eng Chem Res 55:5885–5891Google Scholar
  91. 91.
    Chen C, Bhattacharjee S (2017) Trimodal nanoporous silica as a support for amine-based CO2 adsorbents: improvement in adsorption capacity and kinetics. Appl Surf Sci 396:1515–1519Google Scholar
  92. 92.
    Chen Z, Deng S, Wei H, Wang B, Huang J, Yu G (2013) Polyethylenimine-impregnated resin for high CO2 adsorption: an efficient adsorbent for CO2 capture from simulated flue gas and ambient air. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 5:6937–6945PubMedGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    Wang D, Ma X, Sentorun-Shalaby C, Song C (2012) Development of carbon-based “molecular basket” sorbent for CO2 capture. Ind Eng Chem Res 51:3048–3057Google Scholar
  94. 94.
    Wang J, Wang M, Zhao B, Qiao W, Long D, Ling L (2013) Mesoporous carbon-supported solid amine sorbents for low-temperature carbon dioxide capture. Ind Eng Chem Res 52:5437–5444Google Scholar
  95. 95.
    Zhang H, Goeppert A, Prakash GKS, Olah G (2015) Applicability of linear polyethylenimine supported on nano-silica for the adsorption of CO2 from various sources including dry air. RSC Adv 5:52550–52562Google Scholar
  96. 96.
    Yan W, Tang J, Bian Z, Hu J, Liu H (2012) Carbon dioxide capture by amine-impregnated mesocellular-foam-containing template. Ind Eng Chem Res 51:3653–3662Google Scholar
  97. 97.
    Niu M, Yang H, Zhang X, Wang Y, Tang A (2016) Amine-impregnated mesoporous silica nanotube as an emerging nanocomposite for CO2 capture. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 8:17312–17320PubMedGoogle Scholar
  98. 98.
    Subagyono DJN, Liang Z, Knowles GP, Chaffee AL (2011) Amine modified mesocellular siliceous foam (MCF) as a sorbent for CO2. Chem Eng Res Des 89:1647–1657Google Scholar
  99. 99.
    Subagyono DJN, Marshall M, Knowles GP, Chaffee AL (2014) CO2 adsorption by amine modified siliceous mesostructured cellular foam (MCF) in humidified gas. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 186:84–93Google Scholar
  100. 100.
    Le Thi MU, Lee S-Y, Park S-J (2014) Preparation and characterization of PEI-loaded MCM-41 for CO2 capture. Int J Hydrogen Energy 39:12340–12346Google Scholar
  101. 101.
    Yan X, Zhang L, Zhang Y, Yang G, Yan Z (2011) Amine-modified SBA-15: effect of pore structure on the performance for CO2 capture. Ind Eng Chem Res 50:3220–3226Google Scholar
  102. 102.
    Yan X, Zhang L, Zhang Y, Qiao K, Yan Z, Komarneni S (2011) Amine-modified mesocellular silica foams for CO2 capture. Chem Eng J 168:918–924Google Scholar
  103. 103.
    Zeng W, Bai H (2016) High-performance CO2 capture on amine-functionalized hierarchically porous silica nanoparticles prepared by a simple template-free method. Adsorption 22:117–127Google Scholar
  104. 104.
    Liu X, Gao F, Xu J, Zhou L, Liu H, Hu J (2016) Zeolite@Mesoporous silica-supported-amine hybrids for the capture of CO2 in the presence of water. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 222:113–119Google Scholar
  105. 105.
    Ma J, Liu Q, Chen D, Wen S, Wang T (2014) CO2 adsorption on amine-modified mesoporous silicas. J Porous Mater 21:859–867Google Scholar
  106. 106.
    Li W, Bollini P, Didas SA, Choi S, Drese JH, Jones CW (2010) Structural changes of silica mesocellular foam supported amine-functionalized CO2 adsorbents upon exposure to steam. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2:3363–3372PubMedGoogle Scholar
  107. 107.
    Liu Z, Pudasainee D, Liu Q, Gupta R (2015) Post-combustion CO2 capture using polyethyleneimine impregnated mesoporous cellular foams. Sep Purif Technol 156:259–268Google Scholar
  108. 108.
    Qi G, Wang Y, Estevez L, Duan X, Anako N, Park A-HA, Li W, Jones CW, Giannelis EP (2011) High efficiency nanocomposite sorbents for CO2 capture based on amine-functionalized mesoporous capsules. Energy Environ Sci 4:444–452Google Scholar
  109. 109.
    Sandhu NK, Pudasainee D, Sarkar P, Gupta R (2016) Steam regeneration of polyethylenimine-impregnated silica sorbent for postcombustion CO2 capture: a multicyclic study. Ind Eng Chem Res 55:2210–2220Google Scholar
  110. 110.
    Chaikittisilp W, Kim H-J, Jones CW (2011) Mesoporous alumina-supported amines as potential steam-stable adsorbents for capturing CO2 from simulated flue gas and ambient air. Energy Fuels 25:5528–5537Google Scholar
  111. 111.
    Chaikittisilp W, Khunsupat R, Chen TT, Jones CW (2011) Poly(allylamine)–mesoporous silica composite materials for CO2 capture from simulated flue gas or ambient air. Ind Eng Chem Res 50:14203–14210Google Scholar
  112. 112.
    Zhang W, Liu H, Sun C, Drage TC, Snape CE (2014) Capturing CO2 from ambient air using a polyethyleneimine–silica adsorbent in fluidized beds. Chem Eng Sci 116:306–316Google Scholar
  113. 113.
    Cai H, Bao F, Gao J, Chen T, Wang S, Ma R (2015) Preparation and characterization of novel carbon dioxide adsorbents based on polyethylenimine-modified Halloysite nanotubes. Environ Technol 36:1273–1280PubMedGoogle Scholar
  114. 114.
    Zhang L, Wang X, Fujii M, Yang L, Song C (2017) CO2 capture over molecular basket sorbents: effects of SiO2 supports and PEG additive. J Energy Chem 26:1030–1038Google Scholar
  115. 115.
    Wang XX, Song CS (2012) Temperature-programmed desorption of CO2 from polyethylenimine-loaded SBA-15 as molecular basket sorbents. Catal Today 194:44–52Google Scholar
  116. 116.
    Alkhabbaz MA, Khunsupat R, Jones CW (2014) Guanidinylated poly(allylamine) supported on mesoporous silica for CO2 capture from flue gas. Fuel 121:79–85Google Scholar
  117. 117.
    Bali S, Chen TT, Chaikittisilp W, Jones CW (2013) Oxidative stability of amino polymer-alumina hybrid adsorbents for carbon dioxide capture. Energy Fuels 27:1547–1554Google Scholar
  118. 118.
    Wang D, Wang X, Song C (2017) Comparative study of molecular basket sorbents consisting of polyallylamine and polyethylenimine functionalized SBA-15 for CO2 capture from flue gas. ChemPhysChem 18:3163–3173PubMedGoogle Scholar
  119. 119.
    Arenillas A, Smith KM, Drage TC, Snape CE (2005) CO2 capture using some fly ash-derived carbon materials. Fuel 84:2204–2210Google Scholar
  120. 120.
    Meth S, Goeppert A, Prakash GKS, Olah GA (2012) Silica nanoparticles as supports for regenerable CO2 sorbents. Energy Fuels 26:3082–3090Google Scholar
  121. 121.
    Sakwa-Novak MA, Tan S, Jones CW (2015) Role of additives in composite PEI/oxide CO2 adsorbents: enhancement in the amine efficiency of supported PEI by PEG in CO2 capture from simulated ambient air. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 7:24748–24759PubMedGoogle Scholar
  122. 122.
    Wang J, Long D, Zhou H, Chen Q, Liu X, Ling L (2012) Surfactant promoted solid amine sorbents for CO2 capture. Energy Environ Sci 5:5742–5749Google Scholar
  123. 123.
    Choi W, Min K, Kim C, Ko YS, Jeon JW, Seo H, Park Y-K, Choi M (2016) Epoxide-functionalization of polyethyleneimine for synthesis of stable carbon dioxide adsorbent in temperature swing adsorption. Nat Commun 7:12640PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  124. 124.
    Min K, Choi W, Kim C, Choi M (2018) Oxidation-stable amine-containing adsorbents for carbon dioxide capture. Nat Commun 9:726PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  125. 125.
    Wang XX, Song CS (2014) New strategy to enhance CO2 capture over a nanoporous polyethylenimine sorbent. Energy Fuels 28:7742–7745Google Scholar
  126. 126.
    Pinto ML, Mafra L, Guil JM, Pires J, Rocha J (2011) Adsorption and activation of CO2 by amine-modified nanoporous materials studied by solid-state NMR and 13CO2 adsorption. Chem Mat 23:1387–1395Google Scholar
  127. 127.
    Mebane DS, Kress JD, Storlie CB, Fauth DJ, Gray ML, Li K (2013) Transport, zwitterions, and the role of water for CO2 adsorption in mesoporous silica-supported amine sorbents. J Phys Chem C 117:26617–26627Google Scholar
  128. 128.
    Didas SA, Sakwa-Novak MA, Foo GS, Sievers C, Jones CW (2014) Effect of amine surface coverage on the Co-adsorption of CO2 and water: spectral deconvolution of adsorbed species. J Phys Chem Lett 5:4194–4200PubMedGoogle Scholar
  129. 129.
    Yu J, Chuang SSC (2016) The structure of adsorbed species on immobilized amines in CO2 capture: an in situ IR study. Energy Fuels 30:7579–7587Google Scholar
  130. 130.
    Shen XH, Du HB, Mullins RH, Kommalapati RR (2017) Polyethylenimine applications in carbon dioxide capture and separation: from theoretical study to experimental work. Energy Technol 5:822–833Google Scholar
  131. 131.
    Li KM, Jiang JG, Tian SC, Chen XJ, Yan F (2014) Influence of silica types on synthesis and performance of amine-silica hybrid materials used for CO2 capture. J Phys Chem C 118:2454–2462Google Scholar
  132. 132.
    Wang XX, Schwartz V, Clark JC, Ma XL, Overbury SH, Xu XC, Song CS (2009) Infrared study of CO2 sorption over “molecular basket” Sorbent Consisting of Polyethylenimine-Modified Mesoporous Molecular Sieve. J Phys Chem C 113:7260–7268Google Scholar
  133. 133.
    Wang XX, Ma XL, Schwartz V, Clark JC, Overbury SH, Zhao SQ, Xu XC, Song CS (2012) A solid molecular basket sorbent for CO2 capture from gas streams with low CO2 concentration under ambient conditions. Phys Chem Chem Phys 14:1485–1492PubMedGoogle Scholar
  134. 134.
    Holewinski A, Sakwa-Novak MA, Jones CW (2015) Linking CO2 sorption performance to polymer morphology in aminopolymer/silica composites through neutron scattering. J Am Chem Soc 137:11749–11759PubMedGoogle Scholar
  135. 135.
    Holewinski A, Sakwa-Novak MA, Carrillo J-MY, Potter ME, Ellebracht N, Rother G, Sumpter BG, Jones CW (2017) Aminopolymer mobility and support interactions in silica-PEI composites for CO2 capture applications: a quasielastic neutron scattering study. J Phys Chem B 121:6721–6731PubMedGoogle Scholar
  136. 136.
    Heydari-Gorji A, Sayari A (2011) CO2 capture on polyethylenimine-impregnated hydrophobic mesoporous silica: experimental and kinetic modeling. Chem Eng J 173:72–79Google Scholar
  137. 137.
    Bollini P, Didas SA, Jones CW (2011) Amine-oxide hybrid materials for acid gas separations. J Mater Chem 21:15100–15120Google Scholar
  138. 138.
    Monazam ER, Shadle LJ, Siriwardane R (2011) Equilibrium and absorption kinetics of carbon dioxide by solid supported amine sorbent. AIChE J 57:3153–3159Google Scholar
  139. 139.
    Lagergren S (1898) About the theory of so-called adsorption of soluble substances. K Sven Vetenskapsakad Handl 24:1–39Google Scholar
  140. 140.
    Yuh-Shan H (2004) Citation review of Lagergren kinetic rate equation on adsorption reactions. Scientometrics 59:171–177Google Scholar
  141. 141.
    Ho Y-S (2006) Review of second-order models for adsorption systems. J Hazard Mater 136:681–689Google Scholar
  142. 142.
    Ho YS, McKay G (1999) Pseudo-second order model for sorption processes. Process Biochem 34:451–465Google Scholar
  143. 143.
    Avrami M (1940) Kinetics of phase change. II transformation-time relations for random distribution of nuclei. J Chem Phys 8:212–224Google Scholar
  144. 144.
    Low MJD (1960) Kinetics of chemisorption of gases on solids. Chem Rev 60:267–312Google Scholar
  145. 145.
    Serna-Guerrero R, Sayari A (2010) Modeling adsorption of CO2 on amine-functionalized mesoporous silica. 2: kinetics and breakthrough curves. Chem Eng J 161:182–190Google Scholar
  146. 146.
    Bollini P, Brunelli NA, Didas SA, Jones CW (2012) Dynamics of CO2 adsorption on amine adsorbents. 2. Insights into adsorbent design. Ind Eng Chem Res 51:15153–15162Google Scholar
  147. 147.
    Jung W, Park J, Lee KS (2018) Kinetic modeling of CO2 adsorption on an amine-functionalized solid sorbent. Chem Eng Sci 177:122–131Google Scholar
  148. 148.
    Meng Y, Jiang J, Gao Y, Yan F, Liu N, Aihemaiti A (2018) Comprehensive study of CO2 capture performance under a wide temperature range using polyethyleneimine-modified adsorbents. J CO2 Utiliz 27:89–98Google Scholar
  149. 149.
    Andreoli E, Cullum L, Barron AR (2015) Carbon dioxide absorption by polyethylenimine-functionalized nanocarbons: a kinetic study. Ind Eng Chem Res 54:878–889Google Scholar
  150. 150.
    Al-Marri MJ, Kuti YO, Khraisheh M, Kumar A, Khader MM (2017) Kinetics of CO2 adsorption/desorption of polyethyleneimine-mesoporous silica. Chem Eng Technol 40:1802–1809Google Scholar
  151. 151.
    Loganathan S, Tikmani M, Mishra A, Ghoshal AK (2016) Amine tethered pore-expanded MCM-41 for CO2 capture: experimental, isotherm and kinetic modeling studies. Chem Eng J 303:89–99Google Scholar
  152. 152.
    Sparks DL (1989) Kinetics of soil chemical process. Academic Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  153. 153.
    Sparks DL (1998) Kinetics and mechanisms of chemical reactions at the soil mineral/water interface. In: Sparks DL (ed) Soil physical chemistry. CRC Press, pp 135–191Google Scholar
  154. 154.
    Crank J (1976) The mathematics of diffusion. Oxford University Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  155. 155.
    Zhao ZX, Li Z, Lin YS (2009) Adsorption and diffusion of carbon dioxide on metal-organic framework (MOF-5). Ind Eng Chem Res 48:10015–10020Google Scholar
  156. 156.
    Stuckert NR, Yang RT (2011) CO2 capture from the atmosphere and simultaneous concentration using zeolites and amine-grafted SBA-15. Environ Sci Technol 45:10257–10264PubMedGoogle Scholar
  157. 157.
    Drage TC, Arenillas A, Smith KM, Snape CE (2008) Thermal stability of polyethylenimine based carbon dioxide adsorbents and its influence on selection of regeneration strategies. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 116:504–512Google Scholar
  158. 158.
    Sayari A, Belmabkhout Y (2010) Stabilization of amine-containing CO2 adsorbents: dramatic effect of water vapor. J Am Chem Soc 132:6312–6314PubMedGoogle Scholar
  159. 159.
    Sayari A, Heydari-Gorji A, Yang Y (2012) CO2-induced degradation of amine-containing adsorbents: reaction products and pathways. J Am Chem Soc 134:13834–13842PubMedGoogle Scholar
  160. 160.
    Sayari A, Belmabkhout Y, Da’na E (2012) CO2 deactivation of supported amines: does the nature of amine matter? Langmuir 28:4241–4247PubMedGoogle Scholar
  161. 161.
    Hammache S, Hoffman JS, Gray ML, Fauth DJ, Howard BH, Pennline HW (2013) Comprehensive study of the impact of steam on polyethyleneimine on silica for CO2 capture. Energy Fuels 27:6899–6905Google Scholar
  162. 162.
    Bollini P, Choi S, Drese JH, Jones CW (2011) Oxidative degradation of aminosilica adsorbents relevant to postcombustion CO2 capture. Energy Fuels 25:2416–2425Google Scholar
  163. 163.
    Calleja G, Sanz R, Arencibia A, Sanz-Pérez ES (2011) Influence of drying conditions on amine-functionalized SBA-15 as adsorbent of CO2. Top Catal 54:135–145Google Scholar
  164. 164.
    Ahmadalinezhad A, Sayari A (2014) Oxidative degradation of silica-supported polyethylenimine for CO2 adsorption: insights into the nature of deactivated species. Phys Chem Chem Phys 16:1529–1535PubMedGoogle Scholar
  165. 165.
    Chi S, Rochelle GT (2002) Oxidative degradation of monoethanolamine. Ind Eng Chem Res 41:4178–4186Google Scholar
  166. 166.
    Khatri RA, Chuang SSC, Soong Y, Gray M (2006) Thermal and chemical stability of regenerable solid amine sorbent for CO2 capture. Energy Fuels 20:1514–1520Google Scholar
  167. 167.
    Xu X, Song C, Miller BG, Scaroni AW (2005) Adsorption separation of carbon dioxide from flue gas of natural gas-fired boiler by a novel nanoporous “molecular basket” adsorbent. Fuel Process Technol 86:1457–1472Google Scholar
  168. 168.
    Fan Y, Labreche Y, Lively RP, Jones CW, Koros WJ (2014) Dynamic CO2 adsorption performance of internally cooled silica-supported poly(ethylenimine) hollow fiber sorbents. AIChE J 60:3878–3887Google Scholar
  169. 169.
    Rezaei F, Jones CW (2014) Stability of supported amine adsorbents to SO2 and NOx in postcombustion CO2 capture. 2. Multicomponent adsorption. Ind Eng Chem Res 53:12103–12110Google Scholar
  170. 170.
    Sjostrom S, Krutka H, Starns T, Campbell T (2011) Pilot test results of post-combustion CO2 capture using solid sorbents. Energy Proc 4:1584–1592Google Scholar
  171. 171.
    Zhao W, Veneman R, Chen D, Li Z, Cai N, Brilmana DWF (2014) Post-combustion CO2 capture demonstration using supported amine sorbents: design and evaluation of 200 kWth pilot. Energy Proc 63:2374–2383Google Scholar
  172. 172.
    Nelson T, Kataria A, Soukri M, Farmer J, Mobley P, Tanthana J, Wang D, Wang X, Song C (2015) Bench-scale development of an advanced solid sorbent-based CO2 capture process for coal-fired power plants. DOE report.
  173. 173.
    Nelson TO, Kataria A, Mobley P, Soukri M, Tanthana J (2017) RTI’s solid sorbent-based CO2 capture process: technical and economic lessons learned for application in coal-fired, NGCC, and cement plants. Energy Proc 114:2506–2524Google Scholar
  174. 174.
    Nelson TO, Coleman LJI, Kataria A, Lail M, Soukri M, Quang DV, Zahra MRMA (2014) Advanced solid sorbent-based CO2 capture process. Energy Proc 63:2216–2229Google Scholar
  175. 175.
    Nelson TO, Coleman LJI, Mobley P, Kataria A, Tanthana J, Lesemann M, Bjerge L-M (2014) Solid sorbent CO2 capture technology evaluation and demonstration at Norcem’s cement plant in Brevik, Norway. Energy Proc 63:6504–6516Google Scholar
  176. 176.
    Song C, Xu X, Andresen JM, Miller BG, Scaroni AW (2004) Novel nanoporous “molecular basket” adsorbent for CO2 capture. In: Park S-E, Chang J-S, Lee K-W (eds) Studies in surface science and catalysis. Elsevier, pp 411–416Google Scholar
  177. 177.
    Xu X, Song C, Andresen JM, Miller BG, Scaroni AW (2004) Adsorption separation of CO2 from simulated flue gas mixtures by novel CO2 “molecular basket” adsorbents. Int J Environ Technol Manage 4:32–52Google Scholar
  178. 178.
    National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (2018) Direct air capture and mineral carbonation approaches for carbon dioxide removal and reliable sequestration: proceedings of a workshop–in brief. The National Academies Press, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  179. 179.
    Kulkarni AR, Sholl DS (2012) Analysis of equilibrium-based TSA processes for direct capture of CO2 from air. Ind Eng Chem Res 51:8631–8645Google Scholar
  180. 180.
    Choi S, Drese JH, Chance RR, Eisenberger PM, Jones CW (2013) Application of amine-tethered solid sorbents to CO2 fixation from air. U.S. Patent 8491705 B2Google Scholar
  181. 181.
    Eisenberger PM, Chichilnisky G (2014) System and method for removing carbon dioxide from an atmosphere and global thermostat using the same. U.S. Patent 8894747 B2Google Scholar
  182. 182.
    Eisenberger PM (2012) Carbon dioxide capture/regeneration structures and techniques. U.S. Patent 8163066 B2Google Scholar
  183. 183.
    Eisenberger PM (2013) System and method for carbon dioxide capture and sequestration. U.S. Patent 8500855 B2Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.PSU-DUT Joint Center for Energy Research, EMS Energy Institute, Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA
  2. 2.Departments of Energy & Mineral Engineering and of Chemical EngineeringPennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

Personalised recommendations