Flowing Spaces, Flowing Forms

  • Mahmoud TavassoliEmail author
Part of the The Urban Book Series book series (UBS)


This chapter refers to the concept of spatial values of two European historic cities, Bologna and Bruges, in comparison with the historic city of Yazd in Iran. It considers the porticos of Bologna as a system of connected form–space elements which move around the historic city. In Bruges, the special characteristic of form–space of the medieval street patterns with harmonious changes of facades leading toward main squares, providing ever-new interconnected vistas. And in Yazd, covered and open alleyways integrated with squares, constitute a system of form–space elements move around the whole structure. Here also principles of spatial organization in historic cities of Iran have been discussed.


Bologna Bruges Yazd System of connected form–space 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of TehranTehranIran

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