Brazil, Russia, and Turkey: How New Democracies Deal with International Models of Higher Education?

  • Jean-Jacques Paul
  • Maria-Ligia Barbosa
  • Elizaveta Bydanova
Part of the Intercultural Studies in Education book series (ISE)


The purpose of this chapter is to address the issue of national translations of international influences and trends in higher education systems, as well as resistance to such paradigms. Three emerging countries, that is, Brazil, Russia, and Turkey, with very different geographical and historical contexts, will be considered as case studies. As young democracies, their strong national sentiment can contradict external recommendations in terms of the management of higher education.


Brazil Russia Turkey Young democracies International models of higher education Diversification Access Autonomy 



The authors thank Thierry Chevaillier, IREDU, for his help in the revision of the text.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean-Jacques Paul
    • 1
  • Maria-Ligia Barbosa
    • 2
  • Elizaveta Bydanova
    • 3
  1. 1.Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté and IREDUDijonFrance
  2. 2.LAPESUniversidade Federal do Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  3. 3.CIEPParisFrance

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